The Green500 List - June 2008
This 3rd edition of the Green500 contains a plethora of interesting takeaways,
of which the following five are most notable.
- The first sustained petaflop supercomputer – Roadrunner,
from DOE Los Alamos National Laboratory – exhibits extraordinary
- Roadrunner, the top-ranked supercomputer in the TOP500,
is ranked #3 on the Green500. This achievement further reinforces
the fact that energy efficiency is as important as raw performance
for modern supercomputers and that energy efficiency and performance
can coexist. (For comparison, the last two supercomputers to top the
TOP500 are #43 and #499 on the Green500.)
for the first time.
- Three of IBM’s Cell-based QS22 supercomputers at IBM Germany,
Fraunhofer ITWM, and DOE/NNSA/LANL achieved 488.14, 488.14, and 437.43 MFLOPS/watt,
- The energy efficiency of a commodity system based on Intel’s
45-nm low-power quad-core Xeon is now on par with IBM BlueGene/L (BG/L)
machines, which debuted in November 2004.
- While the energy efficiency of the top-ranked Green500 supercomputer
has improved by almost 131,000,000 Flops/watt since November 2007, the bottom-ranked
Green500 supercomputer has improved
by only 390,000 Flops/watt. Overall, the MFLOPS/watt distribution of
the Green500 is
skewed with only 28% of the machines acheiving more than 100Mflops/watt
(up from 14% last November).
has a higher FLOPS/watt rating than the previous #1 Green500 supercomputer.
The Green500 List
Listed below are the June 2008 The Green500's energy-efficient supercomputers ranked from 1 to 10.
|Green500 Rank||MFLOPS/W||Site*||Computer*||Total Power
|1||488.09||Fraunhofer ITWM||BladeCenter QS22 Cluster, PowerXCell 8i 3.2 Ghz, Infiniband||18.97|
|1||488.14||IBM Germany||BladeCenter QS22 Cluster, PowerXCell 8i 3.2 Ghz, Infiniband||22.76|
|3||437.43||DOE/NNSA/LANL||BladeCenter QS22/LS21 Cluster, PowerXCell 8i 3.2 Ghz / Opteron DC 1.8 GHz||2,345.50|
|4||371.75||Argonne National Laboratory||Blue Gene/P Solution||31.50|
|4||371.75||Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies/ICHEC||Blue Gene/P Solution||31.50|
|4||371.75||Science and Technology Facilities Council - Daresbury Laboratory||Blue Gene/P Solution||31.50|
|7||371.67||ASTRON/University Groningen||Blue Gene/P Solution||94.50|
|7||371.67||DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory||Blue Gene/P Solution||63.00|
|7||371.67||IBM - Rochester||Blue Gene/P Solution||126.00|
|7||371.67||RZG/Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP||Blue Gene/P Solution||94.50|
|7||371.67||Stony Brook/BNL, New York Center for Computational Sciences||Blue Gene/P Solution||63.00|
* Performance data obtained from publicly available sources including TOP500