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The Green500 List - June 2008

This 3rd edition of the Green500 contains a plethora of interesting takeaways,
of which the following five are most notable.

  1. The first sustained petaflop supercomputer - Roadrunner,
    from DOE Los Alamos National Laboratory - exhibits extraordinary
    energy efficiency.
    • Roadrunner, the top-ranked supercomputer in the TOP500,
      is ranked #3 on the Green500. This achievement further reinforces
      the fact that energy efficiency is as important as raw performance
      for modern supercomputers and that energy efficiency and performance
      can coexist. (For comparison, the last two supercomputers to top the
      TOP500 are #43 and #499 on the Green500.)
  2. The top three supercomputers surpass the 400 MFLOPS/watt milestone
    for the first time.
    • Three of IBM’s Cell-based QS22 supercomputers at IBM Germany,
      Fraunhofer ITWM, and DOE/NNSA/LANL achieved 488.14, 488.14, and 437.43 MFLOPS/watt,
      respectively.
  3. Energy efficiency hits the mainstream.
    • The energy efficiency of a commodity system based on Intel’s
      45-nm low-power quad-core Xeon is now on par with IBM BlueGene/L (BG/L)
      machines, which debuted in November 2004.
  4. The FLOPS/watt distribution is still skewed from top to bottom but
    improving.
    • While the energy efficiency of the top-ranked Green500 supercomputer
      has improved by almost 131,000,000 Flops/watt since November 2007, the bottom-ranked
      Green500 supercomputer has improved
      by only 390,000 Flops/watt. Overall, the MFLOPS/watt distribution of
      the Green500 is
      skewed with only 28% of the machines acheiving more than 100Mflops/watt
      (up from 14% last November).
  5. Each of supercomputers in the top ten from this edition of the Green500
    has a higher FLOPS/watt rating than the previous #1 Green500 supercomputer.

The Green500 List

Listed below are the June 2008 The Green500's energy-efficient supercomputers ranked from 1 to 100.

Green500 Rank MFLOPS/W Site* Computer* Total Power
(kW)
1 488.09 Fraunhofer ITWM BladeCenter QS22 Cluster, PowerXCell 8i 3.2 Ghz, Infiniband 18.97
1 488.14 IBM Germany BladeCenter QS22 Cluster, PowerXCell 8i 3.2 Ghz, Infiniband 22.76
3 437.43 DOE/NNSA/LANL BladeCenter QS22/LS21 Cluster, PowerXCell 8i 3.2 Ghz / Opteron DC 1.8 GHz 2,345.50
4 371.75 Argonne National Laboratory Blue Gene/P Solution 31.50
4 371.75 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies/ICHEC Blue Gene/P Solution 31.50
4 371.75 Science and Technology Facilities Council - Daresbury Laboratory Blue Gene/P Solution 31.50
7 371.67 ASTRON/University Groningen Blue Gene/P Solution 94.50
7 371.67 DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory Blue Gene/P Solution 63.00
7 371.67 IBM - Rochester Blue Gene/P Solution 126.00
7 371.67 RZG/Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP Blue Gene/P Solution 94.50
7 371.67 Stony Brook/BNL, New York Center for Computational Sciences Blue Gene/P Solution 63.00
12 368.89 EDF R&D; Blue Gene/P Solution 252.00
13 357.38 Argonne National Laboratory Blue Gene/P Solution 1,260.00
14 357.14 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ) Blue Gene/P Solution 504.00
14 357.14 IDRIS Blue Gene/P Solution 315.00
16 265.80 HPC2N - Umea University BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.5 GHz, IB, Windows HPC 2008/CentOS 173.21
17 240.05 Total Exploration Production SGI Altix ICE 8200EX, Xeon quad core 3.0 GHz 442.00
18 213.10 Universitaet Freiburg BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, Infiniband 45.01
18 213.10 Universitaet Heidelberg BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, Infiniband 45.01
18 213.10 Universitaet Karlsruhe BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, Infiniband 45.01
18 213.10 Universitaet Mannheim BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, Infiniband 45.01
18 213.10 Universitaet Tuebingen BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, Infiniband 45.01
18 213.10 University of Bristol xSeries x3450 Cluster Xeon quad core, 2.8 GHz, Infiniband 135.03
24 213.09 HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, Infiniband 137.61
25 213.08 Universität Ulm/ Universität Konstanz BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, Infiniband 90.03
26 210.56 Harvard University eServer Blue Gene Solution 44.80
26 210.56 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK eServer Blue Gene Solution 44.80
26 210.56 IBM - Almaden Research Center eServer Blue Gene Solution 44.80
26 210.56 IBM Research eServer Blue Gene Solution 44.80
26 210.56 IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center eServer Blue Gene Solution 44.80
26 210.56 Renaissance Computing Institute (RENCI) eServer Blue Gene Solution 44.80
26 210.56 University of Canterbury eServer Blue Gene Solution 44.80
33 208.31 Computational Biology Research Center, AIST eServer Blue Gene Solution 89.60
33 208.31 Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne eServer Blue Gene Solution 89.60
33 208.31 EDF R&D; eServer Blue Gene Solution 89.60
33 208.31 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ) eServer Blue Gene Solution 179.20
33 208.31 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK eServer Blue Gene Solution 89.60
33 208.31 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK eServer Blue Gene Solution 89.60
33 208.31 IBM Rochester, On Demand Deep Computing Center eServer Blue Gene Solution 89.60
33 208.31 Indian Institute of Science eServer Blue Gene Solution 89.60
41 206.58 HLRN at Universitaet Hannover / RRZN SGI Altix ICE 8200EX, Xeon quad core 3.0 GHz 129.20
41 206.58 HLRN at ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum fuer Informationstechnik SGI Altix ICE 8200EX, Xeon quad core 3.0 GHz 129.20
43 205.27 DOE/NNSA/LLNL eServer Blue Gene Solution 2,329.60
44 205.06 UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center eServer Blue Gene Solution 67.20
45 204.24 ASTRON/University Groningen eServer Blue Gene Solution 134.40
46 203.77 IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center eServer Blue Gene Solution 448.00
46 203.77 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Computational Center for Nanotechnology Innovations eServer Blue Gene Solution 358.40
46 203.77 Stony Brook/BNL, New York Center for Computational Sciences eServer Blue Gene Solution 403.20
49 203.26 Exeter University SGI Altix ICE 8200, Xeon quad core 2.83 GHz 55.15
50 209.32 University of Arizona SGI Altix ICE 8200, Xeon quad core 2.83 GHz 64.40
51 195.47 Universitaet Aachen/RWTH PRIMERGY RX200 S4 Cluster, Quad Core 3Ghz, Infiniband, Windows HPC 2008 96.23
52 188.96 Harvard University - FAS Research Computing PowerEdge M600 Cluster, Xeon E5410 2.3Ghz, Infiniband 171.52
53 183.58 Turboinstitute BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, Infiniband 191.08
54 179.70 Near East University BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.33 GHz, Infiniband 51.44
54 179.70 Siberian National University BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.33 GHz, Infiniband 72.66
56 179.46 Lockheed BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.33 GHz, Infiniband 78.45
57 179.45 Lockheed Martin BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.33 GHz, Infiniband 73.63
58 179.44 University Health Network - University of Toronto BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.33 GHz, Infiniband 54.02
59 179.24 Ufa State Aviation Technical University BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.33 GHz, Infiniband 85.52
60 170.31 ENEA BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.33 GHz, Infiniband 100.64
61 163.61 R-Systems Dell DCS CS23-SH, QC HT 2.8 GHz, Infiniband 241.92
62 157.27 SGI SGI Altix ICE 8200, 3.0 GHz 123.10
63 157.24 Argonne National Laboratory - CNM TeamHPC Xeon 5355 Cluster, Quad Xeon 2.66GHz, Infiniband 63.36
64 156.06 NanJing Institute of Geophysical Prospecting, PEPRIS, SINOPEC BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.66 GHz, Infiniband 95.54
65 155.71 Manufacturing Company (I) SGI Altix ICE 8200, 3.0 GHz 61.50
66 155.27 Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC) PowerEdge 1955, 3.0 GHz, Infiniband 273.00
67 152.21 Texas Advanced Computing Center/Univ. of Texas PowerEdge 1955, 2.66 GHz, Infiniband 307.02
68 150.45 Financial Institution () BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.8 GHz, GigEthernet 60.12
68 150.45 Financial Institution () BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.8 GHz, GigEthernet 60.12
68 150.45 Financial Institution () BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.8 GHz, GigEthernet 60.12
68 150.45 Financial Institution () BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.8 GHz, GigEthernet 60.12
68 150.45 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 59.80
73 148.92 Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) SGI Altix ICE 8200, 3.0 GHz 97.50
74 148.12 Financial Institution () BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.33 GHz, GigEthernet 62.70
74 148.12 Financial Institution () BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.33 GHz, GigEthernet 62.70
74 148.12 Geoscience (Q) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, GigEthernet 62.70
74 148.12 Geoscience (Q) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, GigEthernet 62.70
78 154.59 New Mexico Computing Applications Center (NMCAC) SGI Altix ICE 8200, Xeon quad core 3.0 GHz 861.63
79 144.43 Financial Institution () BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.8 GHz, GigEthernet 64.30
79 144.43 Merck and Company BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.33 GHz, GigEthernet 64.30
81 142.21 Scientific Supercomputing Center Karlsruhe Transtec Xeon Cluster 88.88
82 141.35 NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS SGI Altix ICE 8200, 2.66 GHz 230.07
83 140.23 Louisiana State University PowerEdge 1955, 2.66 GHz, Infiniband 75.60
84 144.44 Idaho National Laboratory SGI Altix ICE 8200, 2.66 GHz 123.10
85 138.45 Cenaero BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.5 GHz, GigEthernet 67.08
86 137.54 Financial Institution (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, GigEthernet 67.52
86 137.54 Financial Institution (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon quad core 2.33 GHz, GigEthernet 67.52
88 137.51 Stanford University/Biomedical Computational Facility PowerEdge 1950, 2.33 GHz, Infiniband 113.23
89 135.87 NCSA PowerEdge 1955, 2.33 GHz, Infiniband, Windows Server 2008/Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 504.00
90 133.46 Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba Appro Xtreme-X3 Server - Quad Opteron Quad Core 2.3 GHz, Infiniband 572.92
91 131.73 University of North Carolina PowerEdge 1955, 2.33 GHz, Cisco/Topspin Infiniband 218.40
92 130.95 Arizona State University High Performance Computing Center PowerEdge 1955, Quad Core 2.66 GHz, Infiniband 92.40
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42
93 129.60 Geoscience (P) BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 3 GHz, GigEthernet 69.42

* Performance data obtained from publicly available sources including TOP500

 
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