The Green500 List - November 2010
The Green500 continues to strive towards the goal of raising awareness in the energy efficiency of supercomputing, and in turn, drive energy efficiency as a first-order design constraint - one that is on par with performance (or speed). In this edition, we have the serendipity of having four uniquely green supercomputers at the top of the Green500:
- IBM BlueGene/Q, the "Greenest Supercomputer in the World"
- GRAPE-DR, the "Greenest Exotic Supercomputer in the World"
- Tsubame 2.0, the "Greenest Production Supercomputer in the World"
- EcoG, the "Greenest Self-Built Supercomputer in the World"
The IBM Blue Gene/Q prototype supercomputer is the third installment of a series of energy-efficient Blue Gene supercomputers, following in the footsteps of Blue Gene/L and Blue Gene/P. (In 2004, Blue Gene/L was the supercomputer that supplanted the Japanese Earth Simulator, which in turn, had created a "Computenik" event in 2002 when it shattered U.S. supercomputer hegemony.) While IBM BlueGene/Q prototype supercomputer sits at the top of the heap, accelerator-based supercomputers continue to dominate the remaining top slots of the Green500, holding 8 of the top 10 slots. Accelerators refer to the use of dedicated hardware to perform computations faster than a traditional processor, also known as a central processing unit (CPU). Given that the list, which is released twice a year - once in June and once in November, was similarly dominated by accelerator-based supercomputers in June, one might argue that this years Green500 was "The Year of the Accelerator."
For the measured systems on the Green500, the accelerator-based supercomputers on The Green500 List produce an average efficiency of 756 MFLOPS/W whereas the other measured supercomputers on the list only produce an average efficiency of 211 MFLOPS/W. That makes the accelerator-based supercomputers on the Green500 nearly 3.5 times more energy efficient than their non-accelerated counterparts on the list.
Listed below are the The Green500's Top 10 most energy-efficient supercomputers in the world as of November 2010.
The Green500 List
Listed below are the November 2010 The Green500's energy-efficient supercomputers ranked from 1 to 10.
|Green500 Rank||MFLOPS/W||Site*||Computer*||Total Power
|1||1,684.20||IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center||NNSA/SC Blue Gene/Q Prototype||38.80|
|2+||1,447.74||National Astronomical Observatory of Japan||GRAPE-DR accelerator Cluster, Infiniband||24.59|
|2||958.35||GSIC Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology||HP ProLiant SL390s G7 Xeon 6C X5670, Nvidia GPU, Linux/Windows||1,243.80|
|3||933.06||NCSA||Hybrid Cluster Core i3 2.93Ghz Dual Core, NVIDIA C2050, Infiniband||36.00|
|4||828.67||RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science||K computer, SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Tofu interconnect||57.96|
|5||773.38||Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)||QPACE SFB TR Cluster, PowerXCell 8i, 3.2 GHz, 3D-Torus||57.54|
|5||773.38||Universitaet Regensburg||QPACE SFB TR Cluster, PowerXCell 8i, 3.2 GHz, 3D-Torus||57.54|
|5||773.38||Universitaet Wuppertal||QPACE SFB TR Cluster, PowerXCell 8i, 3.2 GHz, 3D-Torus||57.54|
|8||740.78||Universitaet Frankfurt||Supermicro Cluster, QC Opteron 2.1 GHz, ATI Radeon GPU, Infiniband||385.00|
|9||677.12||Georgia Institute of Technology||HP ProLiant SL390s G7 Xeon 6C X5660 2.8Ghz, nVidia Fermi, Infiniband QDR||94.40|
|10||636.36||National Institute for Environmental Studies||GOSAT Research Computation Facility, nvidia||117.15|
* Performance data obtained from publicly available sources including TOP500