Statistics Search

banner1
banner4
banner5
banner6
banner7
 
 

The Green500 List - November 2012

Heterogeneous Systems Re-Claim Green500 List Dominance

SALT LAKE CITY, UT - November 14, 2012 - The latest Green500 List was released today (http://www.green500.org/lists/green201211) and the top spots on the list have been taken over by machines that combine commodity processors with coprocessors or graphics processing units (GPUs) to form heterogeneous high-performance computing systems.

With all eyes on the new TOP500 number one system, Oak Ridge National Labs' Titan, it was a system belonging to a neighbor at the University of Tennessee that debuted at the top of the November Green500 List. The National Institute for Computational Sciences' Beacon system has set the new energy efficiency bar at nearly two-and-a-half billion floating-point operations per second (gigaflops) per watt. Employing Intel's Sandy Bridge series of Xeon central processing units (CPUs) and four of Intel's Xeon Phi coprocessors per node Beacon achieved a peak 112,200 gigaflops of performance running the LINPACK benchmark while consuming only 44.89 kW of power.

The Intel Xeon Phi--"Knights Corner"-- is a 22nm multicore coprocessor featuring the world's first 3D Tri-Gate transistors. Like its GPU counterparts, the Intel Xeon Phi resides on a PCI Express board that plugs into a machine's expansion slots.

Rounding out the top five systems are three other machines using GPU accelerators combined with traditional AMD or Intel CPUs. "Metaphorically, think of CPU-GPU systems operating like the human brain, where the CPU could be viewed as the left brain and the GPU as the right brain," says Dr. Wu Feng, founder of the Green500 List. "Each side of the brain is suited to process different types of tasks." In second place is the SANAM system from the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, an Intel CPU system that uses AMD's new FirePro S10000 GPU accelerators, and in third and fourth are the Titan and Todi systems by Cray that employ AMD Opteron CPUs and nVIDIA Tesla K20 GPU accelerators. In number five is the previous Green500 List number one system, IBM's Blue Gene/Q that uses PowerPC BQC CPUs. All of these systems are over two gigaflops per watt.

Overall, the performance of machines in the Green500 List has increased at a higher rate compared to power consumption. "That's why the machines' efficiencies are going up," says Feng. "We are more performance for the same amount of power." For machines based on commodity components--machines built with off-the-shelf components-- coprocessors and GPUs are attributing a great deal to the efficiency gains. So much so that they are keeping pace and in the latest list even outpacing purpose built systems like IBM's Blue Gene/Q. "Power consumption is still going up," says Wu, and that is still a concern.

The Green500 List has provided a ranking of the most energy-efficient supercomputers in the world since November 2007. For decades, the notion of "performance" has been synonymous with "speed" as measured in FLOPS. This particular focus has led to the emergence of supercomputers that consume egregious amounts of electrical power and produce so much heat that extravagant cooling facilities must be constructed to ensure proper operation. In addition, the emphasis on speed as the ultimate metric has caused other metrics such as reliability, availability, and usability to be largely ignored. As a result, there has been an extraordinary increase in the total cost of ownership (TCO) of a supercomputer.

The Green500 List

Listed below are the November 2012 The Green500's energy-efficient supercomputers ranked from 201 to 300.

Green500 Rank MFLOPS/W Site* Computer* Total Power
(kW)
201 271.29 Financial Services (H) iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 405.13
202 271.29 Financial Services (H) iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 405.13
203 271.29 Financial Services (H) iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 405.13
204 271.28 Financial Institution iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 375.56
205 268.22 Cray Inc. Hera - Cray XE6, Opteron 6272 16C 2.1/2.2/2.3 GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 467.90
206 265.87 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 533.70
207 265.02 Compute Canada/WestGrid/University of Calgary Lattice - DL170/SL390 , Xeon E5649 2.53GHz/L5520 4C 2.26GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2070 410.16
208 262.54 Semiconductor Company (F) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 492.30
209 262.54 Semiconductor Company (F) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 492.30
210 260.64 Electronics BladeCenter HS22 Cluster (WM), Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Infiniband 402.41
211 260.64 Electronics BladeCenter HS22 Cluster (WM), Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Infiniband 402.41
212 260.64 Energy Company (A) BladeCenter HS22 Cluster, Xeon QC X55xx 2.66 GHz, Infiniband 335.48
213 254.01 SciNet/University of Toronto/Compute Canada GPC - xSeries iDataPlex, Xeon E5540 4C 2.53GHz, Infiniband 1,030.00
214 252.86 Idaho National Laboratory Fission - Appro Xtreme-X3 Opteron 2.4GHz, Infiniband QDR 360.00
215 252.18 Georgia Institute of Technology Keeneland - Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA 2090 1,267.20
216 251.87 NOAA/Earth Science Research Laboratory/GSD Jet - Raytheon/Aspen Cluster, Xeon X5560/X5650 2.8/2.66 Ghz, QDR Infinband 502.25
217 250.83 Electrionic Industry Cluster Platform 3000 BL280c G6, Xeon X5670 6C 2.930GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 460.00
218 250.18 Electronics xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Infiniband 502.58
219 250.18 Electronics xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Infiniband 502.58
220 250.18 Electronics xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Infiniband 502.58
221 250.17 Microsoft Windows Azure Faenov - Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 604.80
222 249.93 NOAA Environmental Security Computer Center Zeus - SGI Altix ICE 8400EX, Xeon X5690 6C 3.470GHz, Infiniband QDR 1,291.95
223 243.34 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 450.00
224 243.34 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 450.00
225 241.97 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Sierra - Dell Xanadu 3 Cluster, Xeon X5660 2.8 Ghz, QLogic InfiniBand QDR 688.94
226 240.45 VSC / Flemish Supercomputer Center Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, Infiniband FDR 633.60
227 240.05 Total Exploration Production SGI Altix ICE 8200EX, Xeon quad core 3.0 GHz 442.00
228 237.51 Saudi Aramco PLCI+PLCH - PowerEdge M610 Cluster, Xeon X5670 6C 2.930GHz, Infiniband QDR 451.35
229 237.27 Clemson University Palmetto - PE1950/SF X2200/iDPx/IBM dx340/HP DL165 Intel 53xx/54xx 2.33, Opteron 2.3, E5410 2.33GHz Myrinet 10G 408.48
230 235.73 Karlsruher Institut f�r Technologie (KIT) Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 489.60
231 235.41 Engineering Company xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 488.71
232 232.44 CLUMEQ - Universit Laval Colosse - Sun Blade x6048, Xeon X5560 2.8 Ghz, Infiniband QDR
Level 3 measurement data available
332.00
233 232.38 Financial Services (H) BladeCenter HS22 Cluster (WM), Xeon L5640 6C 2.260GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 337.39
234 231.42 Tsinghua University Inspur TS10000 HPC Server, Xeon X56xx 2.93 Ghz, QDR Infiniband 399.36
235 230.32 Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) BX900 Xeon X5570 2.93GHz , Infiniband QDR 831.00
236 230.14 University of Southern California Cluster Platform SL230s/SL250s, Xeon E5-2665 8C 2.400GHz, Infiniband QDR 633.60
237 230.11 US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) SGI Altix ICE 8200 Enhanced LX, Xeon Nehalem quad core 2.8 GHz 475.00
238 228.85 CSC (Center for Scientific Computing) Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 652.80
239 228.76 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA) Tera-100 - Bull bullx super-node S6010/S6030 4,590.00
240 227.88 Institute of Physical and Chemical Res. (RIKEN) RIKEN Intergrated Cluster of Clusters, Xeon X5570 2.93GHz, Infiniband DDR 429.78
241 227.46 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)/CCRT GENCI-CCRT-Titane - BULL Novascale R422-E2 477.00
242 225.17 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband QDR 499.20
243 225.03 University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics SGI Altix ICE 8400EX Xeon X5570 4-core 2.93 GHz, Infiniband 719.00
244 224.12 DOE/SC/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Olympus - Atipa Cluster, Opteron 6272 16C 2.100GHz, Infiniband QDR 456.00
245 223.83 Research Center Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2660 8C 2.200GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA 2090 604.80
246 223.50 Grand Equipement National de Calcul Intensif - Centre Informatique National de l'Enseignement Suprieur (GENCI-CINES) Jade - SGI ICE 8200EX, Xeon E5450 4C 3.000GHz, Infiniband 1,064.00
247 222.95 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Muir - Dell Xanadu 3 Cluster, Xeon X5660 2.8 Ghz, QLogic InfiniBand QDR 475.00
248 220.93 Network Company BladeCenter HS22 Cluster (WM), Xeon E5649 6C 2.53 GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 454.21
249 220.93 Banking (M) BladeCenter HS22 Cluster (WM), Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 404.02
250 220.60 Kyoto University Camphor - Cray XE6, Opteron 16C 2.50GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 1,140.96
251 220.42 University of Southern California HPC - PowerEdge 1950/SunFire X2200/IBM dx340/dx360/HP SL160/DL165, Xeon/Opteron 2.3-2.67GHz, Myrinet 10G 680.06
252 219.09 Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 421.20
253 216.60 Texas Advanced Computing Center/Univ. of Texas Ranger - SunBlade x6420, Opteron QC 2.3 Ghz, Infiniband 2,000.00
254 215.53 KISTI Supercomputing Center TachyonII - Sun Blade x6048, X6275, IB QDR M9 switch, Sun HPC stack Linux edition 1,275.00
255 215.38 Financial Institution (P) iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 376.75
256 214.78 Defense BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, Infiniband 380.23
257 214.78 Defense BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, Infiniband 380.23
258 214.78 Defense BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, Infiniband 380.23
259 214.78 Defense BladeCenter HS21 Cluster, Xeon QC HT 2.83 GHz, Infiniband 380.23
260 210.94 Netwok Equipment Provider BladeCenter HS22 Cluster (WM), Xeon X5650 6C 2.66 GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 372.82
261 210.77 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 1,104.00
262 210.77 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 1,104.00
263 208.25 ERDC DSRC Cray XE6, Opteron 16C 2.500GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 883.63
264 208.25 ERDC DSRC Garnet - Cray XE6, Opteron 16C 2.500GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 1,530.58
265 208.25 Air Force Research Laboratory - ARFL DSRC Raptor - Cray XE6, Opteron 16C 2.500GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 3,240.80
266 206.98 ERDC DSRC Diamond - SGI Altix ICR 8200 Enh. LX, Xeon X5560 2.8Ghz 774.00
267 206.51 Banking (M) BladeCenter HX5, Xeon E7-2860 10C 2.260GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 467.02
268 203.87 Stony Brook/BNL, New York Center for Computational Sciences New York Blue - eServer Blue Gene Solution 403.00
269 203.77 IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center BGW - eServer Blue Gene Solution 448.00
270 200.83 Communications BladeCenter HS22 Cluster, WM Xeon 6-core 2.93Ghz, GigE 386.88
271 200.73 Intel Corporation SCTO HPC Intel IT SCTO HPC A - Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 414.00
272 200.34 Network Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 598.50
273 200.34 Network Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 598.50
274 196.91 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 576.00
275 196.91 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 576.00
276 196.82 National Institute of Genetics Cluster Platform SL230s/SL250s, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, Infiniband QDR 421.20
277 196.00 Telecommunication Company iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 480.58
278 196.00 Telecommunication Company iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 480.58
279 196.00 Telecommunication Company iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 480.58
280 196.00 Telecommunication Company iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 480.58
281 196.00 Financial Services (H) iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon E5649 6C 2.53 GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 534.06
282 195.49 Digital Content Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 403.20
283 195.45 University of Cologne, Regional Computing Centre CHEOPS - Bullx Supernode/Blade Xeon X5550/X5650 2.66 Ghz, Infiniband 439.50
284 194.81 IT Services Provider (B) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 454.50
285 194.81 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 430.20
286 194.01 US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) MRAP - Cray XT5 SixCore, Opteron Six Core 6C 2.600GHz, XT4 Internal Interconnect 591.72
287 193.86 Energy Company Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,917.60
288 192.94 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 596.70
289 192.94 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 495.00
290 192.94 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 477.00
291 192.94 IT Services Provider (B) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 540.00
292 191.89 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 676.80
293 191.89 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 676.80
294 191.89 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 676.80
295 191.89 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 676.80
296 189.51 ERDC ORC Copper - Cray XE6m-200, Opteron 6276 16C 2.300GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 568.05
297 189.14 Energy Company (D) Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 2,419.20
298 189.14 Energy Company Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 691.20
299 189.14 Energy Company Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,152.00
300 189.14 Energy Company (D) Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,070.40

* Performance data obtained from publicly available sources including TOP500