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The Green500 List - November 2015

Shoubu Supercomputer in Japan Repeats as the Most Energy-Efficient on Green500 List;
China Lands Six Supercomputers in Top 10

Austin, TX, USA; November 18, 2015 – The Shoubu supercomputer from RIKEN maintained the top spot on the 18th edition of the twice-yearly Green500 List and claimed the title of the “most energy-efficient (or greenest) supercomputer in the world.” The Shoubu supercomputer, which surpassed the seven gigaflops/watt (billions of operations per second per watt) milestone this past July, also remains as the only supercomputer that has surpassed that mark. The TSUBAME-KFC/DL supercomputer from the GSIC Center at Tokyo Institute of Technology in Japan and the Lattice-CSC supercomputer from GSI Helmholtz Center in Germany grabbed second and third place, respectively, with both machines surpassing five gigaflops/watt.

The top-ranked Shoubu supercomputer at RIKEN is a heterogeneous one; that is, it is a supercomputer with two or more different types of “silicon brains.” Specifically, the Shoubu supercomputer consists of (1) Haswell CPU processors from Intel and (2) new many-core accelerators from PEZY-SC, coupled with an energy-efficient software design. At number two and three are the TSUBAME-KFC/DL supercomputer and Lattice-CSC supercomputer, respectively, both of which are also heterogeneous. TSUBAME-KFC/DL and Lattice-CSC both contain Intel Ivy Bridge CPU processors, but coupled with NVIDIA Tesla K80 GPUs and AMD Firepro S9150 GPUs as accelerators, respectively. Overall, heterogeneous accelerator-based systems continue to dominate the top places of the Green500. In the July 2015 edition of the list, the top 32 supercomputers on the Green500 List used accelerators; whereas in this edition of the list, the top 40 supercomputers used accelerators of one form or another, a nearly 25% increase in such systems at the top of the Green500.

Of particular note to this 18th edition of the Green500, China landed six supercomputers in the top ten of the Green500 list. These six supercomputers all employed Intel CPU processors and NVIDIA Kepler GPU processors. In the United States, the greenest supercomputer was XStream from the Stanford Research Computing Center, placing fifth on the list.

The Green500 List

Listed below are the November 2015 The Green500's energy-efficient supercomputers ranked from 1 to 100.

Green500 Rank MFLOPS/W Site* Computer* Total Power
(kW)
1 7,031.58 Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN) Shoubu - ExaScaler-1.4 80Brick, Xeon E5-2618Lv3 8C 2.3GHz, Infiniband FDR, PEZY-SC 50.32
2 5,331.79 GSIC Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology TSUBAME-KFC/DL - LX 1U-4GPU/104Re-1G Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2620v2 6C 2.1GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA Tesla K80 51.13
3 5,271.81 GSI Helmholtz Center ASUS ESC4000 FDR/G2S, Intel Xeon E5-2690v2 10C 3GHz, Infiniband FDR, AMD FirePro S9150 57.15
4 4,778.46 Institute of Modern Physics (IMP), Chinese Academy of Sciences Sugon Cluster W780I, Xeon E5-2640v3 8C 2.6GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA Tesla K80 65.00
5 4,112.11 Stanford Research Computing Center XStream - Cray CS-Storm, Intel Xeon E5-2680v2 10C 2.8GHz, Infiniband FDR, Nvidia K80 190.00
6 3,856.90 IT Company Inspur TS10000 HPC Server, Xeon E5-2620v3 6C 2.4GHz, 10G Ethernet, NVIDIA Tesla K40 58.00
7 3,775.45 Internet Service Inspur TS10000 HPC Server, Intel Xeon E5-2620v2 6C 2.1GHz, 10G Ethernet, NVIDIA Tesla K40 110.00
8 3,775.45 Internet Service Inspur TS10000 HPC Server, Intel Xeon E5-2620v2 6C 2.1GHz, 10G Ethernet, NVIDIA Tesla K40 110.00
9 3,775.45 Internet Service Inspur TS10000 HPC Server, Intel Xeon E5-2620v2 6C 2.1GHz, 10G Ethernet, NVIDIA Tesla K40 110.00
10 3,775.45 Internet Service Inspur TS10000 HPC Server, Intel Xeon E5-2620v2 6C 2.1GHz, 10G Ethernet, NVIDIA Tesla K40 110.00
11 3,761.85 Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) Piz Kesch - Cray CS-Storm, Xeon E5-2690v3 12C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA Tesla K80 75.10
12 3,755.85 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK Suiren - ExaScaler 32U256SC Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2660v2 10C 2.2GHz, Infiniband FDR, PEZY-SC 55.00
13 3,721.82 Internet Service Inspur TS10000 HPC Server, Intel Xeon E5-2620v2 6C 2.1GHz, 10G Ethernet, NVIDIA Tesla K40 165.00
14 3,614.71 TU Dresden, ZIH Taurus GPUs - Bull bullx R400, Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband FDR, Nvidia K80 58.01
15 3,546.76 Universitaet Regensburg QPACE2 - Aurora Bricks, Intel Xeon E3-1230Lv3 4C 1.8GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 7120X 58.19
16 3,517.84 Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba HA-PACS TCA - Cray CS300 Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2680v2 10C 2.800GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA K20x 78.77
17 3,244.89 Internet Service A Inspur TS10000 HPC Server, Intel Xeon E5-2650v2 8C 2.6GHz, 10G Ethernet, NVIDIA Tesla K40 225.00
18 3,222.80 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Sango - Supermicro SBI-7228R-T2F, Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 7120P 78.41
19 3,186.71 Hefei Internet Company XingGui - Dell C4130, Xeon E5-2650v3/2650v2 10C/8C 2/2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA Tesla K40m/K20M 94.80
20 3,185.91 Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) Piz Daint - Cray XC30, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Aries interconnect , NVIDIA K20x 1,753.66
21 3,131.06 ROMEO HPC Center - Champagne-Ardenne romeo - Bull R421-E3 Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2650v2 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA K20x 81.41
22 3,088.70 Internet Company Sugon Cluster W580I, Intel Xeon E5-2620v2 6C 2.1GHz, 10G Ethernet, NVIDIA Tesla K40 115.00
23 3,045.05 University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics Sekirei-ACC - SGI ICE XA, Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband FDR, Nvidia K40 255.30
24 3,019.72 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) CSIRO GPU Cluster - Nitro G16 3GPU, Xeon E5-2650 8C 2GHz, Infiniband FDR, Nvidia K20m 86.20
25 2,972.93 King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology SANAM - Adtech, ASUS ESC4000/FDR G2, Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, Infiniband FDR, AMD FirePro S10000 179.15
26 2,951.95 GSIC Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology TSUBAME 2.5 - Cluster Platform SL390s G7, Xeon X5670 6C 2.93GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA K20x 927.86
27 2,877.92 Max-Planck Institute for biophysical Chemistry IO - Supermicro Superserver 1027GR-TSF, Intel Xeon E5-2620v2 6C 2.1GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA K20 77.00
28 2,873.80 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi HP Apollo 6000 Xl230/250 , Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA Tesla K40m 145.80
29 2,787.22 Government Sugon Cluster W580I, Xeon E5-2640v3 8C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA Tesla K20 180.00
30 2,629.10 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP iDataPlex DX360M4, Intel Xeon E5-2680v2 10C 2.800GHz, Infiniband, NVIDIA K20x 269.94
31 2,598.21 Exploration & Production - Eni S.p.A. HPC2 - iDataPlex DX360M4, Intel Xeon E5-2680v2 10C 2.8GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA K20x 1,227.00
32 2,559.90 DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory Cooley - Cray CS300-AC, Xeon E5-2620v3 6C 2.4GHz, Infiniband FDR, Nvidia K80 93.91
33 2,549.57 Internet Company Sugon Cluster W580I, Intel Xeon E5-2620v2 6C 2.1GHz, 10G Ethernet, NVIDIA Tesla K20 115.00
34 2,540.02 Tulane University Cypress - Dell C8220X Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2680v2 10C 2.8GHz, 40G Ethernet, Intel Xeon Phi 7120P 87.00
35 2,513.54 Beijing B2C Internet Service DLJD - Dell PowerEdge T630, Xeon E5-2640v3 8C 2.6GHz, 10G Ethernet, NVIDIA Tesla K20m 96.00
36 2,394.61 Mississippi State University Shadow - Cray CS300-LC, Intel Xeon E5-2680v2 10C 2.8GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 5110P 193.40
37 2,386.42 Government Cray CS-Storm, Intel Xeon E5-2660v2 10C 2.2GHz, Infiniband FDR, Nvidia K40 1,498.90
38 2,386.42 Government Cray CS-Storm, Intel Xeon E5-2660v2 10C 2.2GHz, Infiniband FDR, Nvidia K40 1,498.90
39 2,344.73 University of Southern California HPCC - Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8/Lenovo nx360M5 , Xeon E5-2665 8C 2.400GHz, Infiniband FDR, Nvidia K20m/K40m 237.00
40 2,301.90 Academic Center for Computing and Media Studies (ACCMS), Kyoto University camellia - Cray XC30, Intel Xeon E5-2670v2 10C 2.500GHz, Aries interconnect , Intel Xeon Phi 5120D 165.30
41 2,262.11 Idaho National Laboratory Falcon - SGI ICE X, Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband FDR 226.00
42 2,245.81 Petroleum Geo-Services Abel - Cray XC30, Xeon E5-2698v3 16C 2.3GHz, Aries interconnect 1,800.00
43 2,181.56 DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory Cetus - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.600GHz, Custom Interconnect 328.00
44 2,181.56 SOSCIP/LKSAVI/University of Toronto BGQ - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.600GHz, Custom Interconnect 328.00
45 2,181.56 DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory Vesta - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom 164.00
46 2,178.24 Science and Technology Facilities Council - Daresbury Laboratory Blue Joule - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom 657.00
47 2,177.13 DOE/NNSA/LLNL Vulcan - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.600GHz, Custom Interconnect 1,972.00
48 2,177.13 CNRS/IDRIS-GENCI Turing - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom 493.00
49 2,176.91 Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) EPFL Blue Brain IV - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.600GHz, Custom Interconnect 328.70
50 2,176.82 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ) JUQUEEN - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.600GHz, Custom Interconnect 2,301.00
51 2,176.78 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom 410.90
52 2,176.60 University of Edinburgh DiRAC - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom 493.12
53 2,176.60 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK HIMAWARI - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.600GHz, Custom Interconnect 246.56
54 2,176.60 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK SAKURA - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom 246.56
55 2,176.58 DOE/NNSA/LLNL Sequoia - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom 7,890.00
56 2,176.58 DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory Mira - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom 3,945.00
57 2,176.58 EDF R&D; Zumbrota - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom 328.75
58 2,176.58 Victorian Life Sciences Computation Initiative Avoca - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom 328.75
59 2,176.57 CINECA Fermi - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom 821.88
60 2,176.52 IBM Rochester BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom 164.38
61 2,176.52 Texas A&M; University BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom 164.38
62 2,164.87 Korea Meteorological Administration Uri - Cray XC40, Xeon E5-2690v3 12C 2.6GHz, Aries interconnect 159.64
63 2,142.77 DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory Titan - Cray XK7 , Opteron 6274 16C 2.200GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect, NVIDIA K20x 8,209.00
64 2,115.15 Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) Todi - Cray XK7 , Opteron 6272 16C 2.100GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect, NVIDIA Tesla K20 Kepler 129.40
65 2,105.03 Information Technology Center, Nagoya University Fujitsu PRIMEHPC FX100, SPARC64 XIfx 32C 2.2GHz, Tofu interconnect 2 1,382.40
66 2,104.00 Louisiana Optical Network Initiative QB-2 - Dell C8220X Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2680v2 10C 2.8GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA K20x 500.00
67 2,099.80 Bull Manny - bullx DLC 720, Xeon E5-2690v3 12C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR 205.00
68 2,082.11 Internet Company S Sugon TC6000, Intel Xeon E5-2630v2 6C 2.6GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 190.00
69 2,078.69 National Information Infrastructure Development Leó NIIFI-Debrecen - Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Intel Xeon E5-2650v2 8C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA K20x/K40 122.00
70 2,077.62 LvLiang Cloud Computing Center Tianhe-2 LvLiang Solution - Tianhe-2 LvLiang, Intel Xeon E5-2692v2 12C 2.2GHz, TH Express-2, Intel Xeon Phi 31S1P 997.00
71 2,071.27 SGI SGI ICE XA, Xeon E5-2690v3 12C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR 225.50
72 2,067.97 Cyfronet Prometheus - HP Apollo 8000, Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA Tesla K40 807.60
73 2,056.60 St. Petersburg Polytechnic University Polytechnic RSC Tornado - RSC Tornado, Xeon E5-2697v3 14C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR 320.00
74 2,039.36 Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba COMA (PACS-IX) - Cray CS300 1027GR, Intel Xeon E5-2670v2 10C 2.500GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 7110P 365.80
75 2,028.40 University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics Sekirei - SGI ICE XA, Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband FDR 580.90
76 1,983.84 Saudi Aramco Makman-2 - Dell PowerEdge R630, Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband QDR 1,134.00
77 1,976.22 Internet Company Inspur TS10000 HPC Server, Xeon E5-2698v3 16C 2.3GHz, 10G Ethernet 174.00
78 1,959.94 Honeywell Aerospace Iceberg - SGI ICE X, Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband FDR 196.10
79 1,959.90 Intel Endeavor - Intel Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2697v2 12C 2.700GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 7110 387.20
80 1,953.77 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Shaheen II - Cray XC40, Xeon E5-2698v3 16C 2.3GHz, Aries interconnect 2,834.00
81 1,937.05 University of Southern Denmark Abacus 2.0 - Lenovo NeXtScale nx360M5, Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA Tesla K40 187.45
82 1,935.32 NASA Center for Climate Simulation Discover - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR, Intel Xeon Phi 5110P 215.60
83 1,922.04 University of Florida HiperGator 2.0 - PowerEdge C6320, Xeon E5-2698v3 16C 2.3GHz, Infiniband 384.00
84 1,915.22 Purdue University Conte - Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 5110P 510.00
85 1,911.33 Japan Aerospace eXploration Agency SORA-MA - Fujitsu PRIMEHPC FX100, SPARC64 XIfx 32C 1.98GHz, Tofu interconnect 2 622.08
86 1,910.39 Internet Company Inspur TS10000 HPC Server, Xeon E5-2698v3 16C 2.3GHz, 10G Ethernet 244.00
87 1,909.72 National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS) Plasma Simulator - Fujitsu PRIMEHPC FX100, SPARC64 XIfx 32C 1.98GHz, Tofu interconnect 2 1,244.16
88 1,908.95 Advanced Center for Computing and Communication, RIKEN HOKUSAI GreatWave - Fujitsu PRIMEHPC FX100, SPARC64 XIfx 32C 1.98GHz, Tofu interconnect 2 518.40
89 1,908.95 Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency Fujitsu PRIMEHPC FX100, SPARC64 XIfx 32C 1.98GHz, Tofu interconnect 2 518.40
90 1,901.54 National Super Computer Center in Guangzhou Tianhe-2 (MilkyWay-2) - TH-IVB-FEP Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2692 12C 2.200GHz, TH Express-2, Intel Xeon Phi 31S1P 17,808.00
91 1,900.09 Leibniz Rechenzentrum CooLMUC 2 - IBM NeXtScale nx360M5, Xeon E5-2697v3 14C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR14 192.81
92 1,900.03 Leibniz Rechenzentrum SuperMUC Phase 2 - IBM NeXtScale nx360M5, Xeon E5-2697v3 14C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR14 1,480.83
93 1,891.59 Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) Piz Dora - Cray XC40, Xeon E5-2690v3 12C 2.6GHz, Aries interconnect 499.53
94 1,872.82 Internet Company Inspur TS10000 HPC Server, Xeon E5-2698v3 16C 2.3GHz, 10G Ethernet 260.00
95 1,858.44 Academic Center for Computing and Media Studies (ACCMS), Kyoto University magnolia - Cray XC40, Xeon E5-2695v3 14C 2.3GHz, Aries interconnect 165.30
96 1,850.16 Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) PARAM Yuva - II - R2208GZ Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 5110P 209.95
97 1,838.24 CSC (Center for Scientific Computing) Sisu - Cray XC40, Xeon E5-2690v3 12C 2.6GHz, Aries interconnect 680.00
98 1,835.93 University of Tokyo/Human Genome Center, Institute of Medical Science Shirokane3 - HP Apollo 6000 Xl230/250 , Xeon E5-2670v3 12C 2.3GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 7120P 186.60
99 1,834.63 DOE/SC/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory cascade - Atipa Visione IF442 Blade Server, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 5110P 1,384.00
100 1,831.48 National Institute for Materials Science Numerical Materials Simulator - SGI ICE X, Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz, Infiniband FDR 405.00

* Performance data obtained from publicly available sources including TOP500

 
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