%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 19 0 R ] /Count 2 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R /F4 21 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R /I2 12 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 612.000 792.000] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141020184747-04'00') /ModDate (D:20141020184747-04'00') /Title (The Green500 List - November 2012) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 13 0 R 15 0 R 17 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4300 >> stream 1.000 1.000 1.000 rg 46.016 46.016 519.969 699.969 re f q 152.250 0 0 105.000 46.016 640.984 cm /I2 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 46.016 629.263 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 118.724 629.263 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Green500)] TJ ET BT 196.100 629.263 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET BT 203.432 629.263 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.green500.org)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 0.6 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 203.432 626.863 m 334.160 626.863 l S BT 334.160 629.263 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET BT 46.016 605.541 Td /F1 9.0 Tf [(Home)] TJ ET 0.45 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 46.016 603.741 m 70.019 603.741 l S BT 70.019 605.541 Td /F1 9.0 Tf [( > Printer-friendly PDF)] TJ ET 0.620 0.620 0.620 rg 46.016 596.593 519.969 0.750 re f 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 46.016 557.070 Td /F3 24.0 Tf [(The Green500 List - November 2012)] TJ ET BT 46.016 523.408 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14 Nov 2012)] TJ ET BT 46.016 487.955 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Heterogeneous Systems Re-Claim Green500 List Dominance)] TJ ET BT 46.016 456.898 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(SALT LAKE CITY, UT - November 14, 2012 - The latest Green500 List was released today \()] TJ ET BT 46.016 442.246 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.green500.org/lists/green201211)] TJ ET 0.6 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 46.016 439.846 m 274.796 439.846 l S BT 274.796 442.246 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and the top spots on the list have been taken over )] TJ ET BT 46.016 427.594 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by machines that combine commodity processors with coprocessors or graphics processing units )] TJ ET BT 46.016 412.942 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(GPUs\) to form heterogeneous high-performance computing systems.)] TJ ET BT 46.016 386.290 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With all eyes on the new TOP500 number one system, Oak Ridge National Labs' Titan, it was a )] TJ ET BT 46.016 371.638 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(system belonging to a neighbor at the University of Tennessee that debuted at the top of the )] TJ ET BT 46.016 356.986 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(November Green500 List. The National Institute for Computational Sciences' Beacon system has )] TJ ET BT 46.016 342.334 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(set the new energy efficiency bar at nearly two-and-a-half billion floating-point operations per )] TJ ET BT 46.016 327.682 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second \(gigaflops\) per watt. Employing Intel's Sandy Bridge series of Xeon central processing )] TJ ET BT 46.016 313.030 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(units \(CPUs\) and four of Intel's Xeon Phi coprocessors per node Beacon achieved a peak )] TJ ET BT 46.016 298.378 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(112,200 gigaflops of performance running the LINPACK benchmark while consuming only 44.89 )] TJ ET BT 46.016 283.726 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kW of power.)] TJ ET BT 46.016 257.074 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Intel Xeon Phi--"Knights Corner"-- is a 22nm multicore coprocessor featuring the world's first )] TJ ET BT 46.016 242.422 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3D Tri-Gate transistors. Like its GPU counterparts, the Intel Xeon Phi resides on a PCI Express )] TJ ET BT 46.016 227.770 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(board that plugs into a machine's expansion slots.)] TJ ET BT 46.016 201.118 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rounding out the top five systems are three other machines using GPU accelerators combined )] TJ ET BT 46.016 186.466 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with traditional AMD or Intel CPUs. "Metaphorically, think of CPU-GPU systems operating like the )] TJ ET BT 46.016 171.814 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human brain, where the CPU could be viewed as the left brain and the GPU as the right brain," )] TJ ET BT 46.016 157.162 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(says Dr. Wu Feng, founder of the Green500 List. "Each side of the brain is suited to process )] TJ ET BT 46.016 142.510 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different types of tasks." In second place is the SANAM system from the King Abdulaziz City for )] TJ ET BT 46.016 127.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Science and Technology, an Intel CPU system that uses AMD's new FirePro S10000 GPU )] TJ ET BT 46.016 113.206 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accelerators, and in third and fourth are the Titan and Todi systems by Cray that employ AMD )] TJ ET BT 46.016 98.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Opteron CPUs and nVIDIA Tesla K20 GPU accelerators. In number five is the previous )] TJ ET BT 46.016 83.902 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Green500 List number one system, IBM's Blue Gene/Q that uses PowerPC BQC CPUs. All of )] TJ ET BT 46.016 69.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these systems are over two gigaflops per watt.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Helvetica /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Oblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 203 /Height 140 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 1 /Columns 203 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /ColorSpace /DeviceGray /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 5405>> stream x\]d%پJ)RJ)[)[ٶ-b-"""hѢEDhm-ZZk-FkE<18p]p\>\cy.w}Z_V}%?'{h7AZN;4cy)529Ƥ IVKIp\pRI24 PIT`6RT؇9-)V赨WݍϱUU4_tmTXb.E&AHZh", %ԢYt%?.M24DamEWY1ۛ_X̅hٝ^Ь3Y.,qK&\Pt)y$H1Ym,C^z^l\а:#಻`c}ma=sy>M^s3s.cfX }1AdMeK\<#/<[R]c{i,gۣ܎.z*dɜxWY1yಏXV|CdcP&A l0CIEWVGGC[̥aǣ=r/}3{jifpxxxt˖\6^tI.K3\ZDrX%\X8m>qr-ftɑDž5O`*rRIܢ%\޶Y沃b.>=9&ɗ.$}|^Sz'rj+6cH-I\VxBKxy.(A :!ZETbLuH%.k񼘋,[vu]ht-lwDTXotdK"mHLpΖn .>?ܻR&$mDBHź0|rf1,cF$sQsU4Ĉ/7znMD[It.T'm :)|'[B菫gqOc/TfnAa;2š6Qe+eN$q"xW9.:M,bwF$UvpA3 9* 4f9 UxzCEbe8˖>qa]Mp gDrBETZe~)YІU\ȺŘr8L"CN,2b\RE6)42֡B.x4 Y/#K'Bl5Hqj.kr1~߱M3ZpI1l?s1?\.?]^|𞧿q.9GVr1%6ؤi{b ۅRxTx\r˸z"3tnu\\ ʂ"|dؓ9g[h@)遞Z*Vri y^lIPH rihoJArkNEA .B|&˒n$?<2\[y.DMJL\\xlOKɰq+c@tVec&(1miGt#py!Qguv&Sb- 曉 E/HaAĚ%lkͰ:~ZV+꿼:@Jk|ŗǟ>^\^~D6UЧO9\`$ү>ѓ ^Ȕ*y+pu0r!cڎ7OOhWna~ 56}b6L!̣I]Lؤ;`wQ>J/i]b6<5mX0!yПKZJM-.JUɨ%njejP@A2u>UB+-I7WxKĴI-d4XVژ4zv4Eӧ6uCdRXH+ۭ$xDHEK G<+;Ujr`oU^\3]swзd/Q-؛Ak>vnn X\NO?{v+62@Ic!+LP^XwxUb.U%V:{.xXX+W?6٢K[%oI6,PRe3I u*KB!S%yS9ldcl5}9.8!ǖJ/>=QI *DpQ&(<䠑i NU4|`%ERmɔJ 4o'skd^nz֢<O'/1Y#}YX AJ>ʸ*BaWS%y0^Bz]{wX{mssS)%餻Bb>B\LNPWү;- G(peuAAI{-$mepE|"\VWVfZ[E%4 TjnbU9j\]ʠ%QyɑZ=z8<-Y?VŋԸݎn2br*3?LReu5L RS{X$F5D?r-)yH~,Uҭ=B =PEN1ܣBBBJU$%TMKhWr$,."&ee!<5ş5!sqK\ Ry\L:"VUL@]Z[ &"1,a.5|^yv.}E,|ko]m0/k1a9E͑&{ B] Fͳ .@W-0A-I,2dEί!(!nS4âg4VĒ1sUs u"yA\aecc%ݩ9dл WQ9J+mBDuWu71V!㪀hZD:B٬5_Q2:jݴae@nQ?>uwV);I¢#;TEF!$,1ojO (q^ iL!;$,K8T}t +vJrWe߂m&(G'e|n 0I?.+oP2إx LX !=4(\%:0AI*/ֹ*F ;zZUղ3~&@ aIі hx1-G|$O##גɒto)7?.(ɀO_yQ0ozc aHhѽlzg,8ɰ~ieh?[ΈK 3CZDB/P[^w2FVt7ٷC&,WFXE^Pg_$3h:&Gwƚ#g۲kDO ^tG.3wW&Sq~e-ohB6 ?. 2"/fU"n׬!)k1I-+Vn;ʳ%eR<&Fe%/]د3/8(c'oMh_15T5é5?7Vc{0Of6ɅS%Η4l'o⭚uP(d!3X˽<ĭVH&VA0a;`+ЪqVvjkKSs'O?mW,Hr_!j?!7G'&zsEBDqv{O>zKD+FvJoIZkbO^_֠)Y3ZhALHh\}R+E$$bC5̪M%R6 p:|T1u 샱Zƃ~L֑`na1FwH]bjKG_4S+Ix$/C+_Qy0˹ht ̰w/yQ6tu@K.zG RIPϐ5oL|7 np7?̤B endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 203 /Height 140 /SMask 11 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 203 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 17234>> stream x}w|յj{,Yro0%6!GI &䅖 š9B`dY-YzYj1z5;ڕVN޹s̙s=B.2 ?z9.Se,.._ii+\aS0MOOO5\ƿ"nx[ E% dlSd1z7cg QSI<?6_~6#qW[cj  CF|^Cvz*^-lݶg& H$hҥlI}}B%");3N9_5$?P1g=`ri=] .b,fA#1 mmv[ss35G@Crqz|#@eBT.42pE6HFFF{zNnOMK/=ҷo8$ɛo}GGXA5;m iR}S(cէO{_aMwMc"N8}L9oW/j。6' ?ѻ<Γ F㹆Ui>k#5-vHW[{gGg7I9M.? .WNW$jq~bb{ `q^|d݄aoewok9|qWzl]bP ¢S]$P_O$ EQZV!vYi|31V)j"UE`Őv^|vb~8-{!d A0iR Rs1^q=޻λP)G p\"phxd||"';K&.]Iz}4,z)w>JĊ eX J@vi=;^0ӈ'5FjF`%/{~3Л <@,AT$#T8gXaa0{='DҫZd-$ܿgϞ^xSXF((E]. fw}AAC|@愈Ɩӣ:@@ii~i:~{eQ6Nkit%}E2#(v3ij;6EO/wGE=] Ͽ;3gQ!>!!)@թ{wj0=S=o YHRcv 2 lV+a8 v'!Gm=F_kl}WVx駯* CK:gSzĆyşANfuk֬Zꫯ^t@r=]#""h4Y4A'&'o ABS8ASy|Ԓc~{ŦM .pwFX"1-. `0@(3 ÒnG萳wPe;;^<#չkU^jCjl*.}q: `/۴y@HMk3 J`xk_g# Hģ] o&رû|1$]/ C#=.@ a~9r/d잇R*rdWT׵x X7 w3 oh-qҳLId~gMOnzazۉ~5 pMQ/??_E$N8'ǰՆǏoظ1 QY ߼fӓ]bqVOv{;۱k_ʻ|6GC8l]e}eX "*Fh4JJRr\.J3O? /04Ll5u1کW#5gxsXoO h[-u^3QZ%e>쳅x`Y 7wuj@}yc D*bú۷-}{N<88*W2+;_"ðGu;.?2¡7bc 9 &%?`C<55A<B@QTfVwUJ%8&k{AѴ'0ؼsrsZmb٩0С<%}XE0 뮿G͗_;_J5dJg/-Yt1aW}㴑5 VZjd[&.^u6-OzHGB/P˕][___ZZ L۫~CiHVuuvflv;/X'/Ҙ~*&Ë \QV)0Xs.edfoh|{# WA0,N@1H1 ڜӓ"^m;}Tu{.]z+/ `d u@%9֑@-HUb3E$К/s87Hb߈IFu1~8eX6urb{7ٲmz2LR@ʗ%ˤ Ngl98_ kߚ/ {t' 6h5O@Y w Dk Nzm<:9*Y'Nujk96Ĭv}H!aǗ8wWUqd1|m 4x  vSLdboabc7oڰDFj^{y\ђ%Q2~TZ* |#)UDca 0빪ͫ׬A"[aBd{ٙ 0l %۔Ǯa>vyMW4}js^~>HE;}p@ȼN lGyGNWUv79&\mVj  N- Ox))[ܘ * F hh4b$^~3B>#fsUM&SPqmIC`cIF `"yL9,L(.C(݌`-,L->^TF4M3 !qV>骪(Eib.EQV{힚mm 0 M'20ugz򬭩h4ll !;Pttvz뭞Qaa! ϧ㦛oocsszhї_~y-(yİ `)S;ctDz?a|z/ff~BQ/F]ճA}%M=,9\ja`Nve2X={׼{siHw2Ҙ7' .6 Lij4no@2e=: 75o wO:" A>NF˥Y?@ voSev㐚o Á:jo4&od@ ge O B\P>1(]ڻ;-p=lDv)(̃9I3mN}*dPpCx0>P:+{-r-#4$ߧƏw #- %`Se\9L(lV#@On7`DSi*,h(3A `PGm9=F$GaVub4}` ]B,z9SX )|A3Fs6!(COE0f9"tBRF0< an dK!mшP&pw填P#isLc v|rO'~ ԋ!Pdm Vp $I ᑑygժĄH @@:FgW709YMɉImOoA~bxQ" 2ueUF#+0yA=]^_@ynR` AtvVfcsKtTd\l,00t/a7mžֶֶ9qtuHyYi[kk)X VRc1M "k~!&tݹNW$'% +a"ԪƦfAdge8C(׏a&(rcwNzĩs D^,h1}1B @ t\-d!_ٕ[sã&AQTo_LL;;:^{USJT)nDQ4&&Z(-+IMIH$FRA]s`p[0tiqB. gPTmAkwNXUu6(*P 0 $I2ZQw4n\./!JbT*HĬOAPp8Nj F--).Na223|˗4VPX&𬒬w qZGQ5U 5 Abws}3B"h"JR"bXc8at86b sh<}fiիV#/PN#YbB|llJR).kV VR if4e0LOo74ҒSNݻy Ѵ_17MX +v{MJLHINezpLz6CQXPIlX޾&krOd,yU>3蟼HKMh"FFGޫ ϲ߾҄ܜl٭ xgg7"/x<03Ȱ [ qm;-FxbnĉSGD;;;[[[?3pPdɏ;=--++l6wtX@Y^,1!(as@QTeUu\TV*++_{cǎn>7s'')[Vr/O)y.##pQɋ+vNLgjL*-))NKM{yO{[{YjUVVFm9Фހ= 74,-) i T#/X(+3{L矯?jۖΦV,F g/D"FQ_E֝X,nݲ Ce˖zmA7NUV~w΢%Kjۖ< 4M֝:9pᄉRLtqђ%<˃YO=pņujֶɆI <f6sߨT"a O~C n\kƍbYr3grV,/Gdvl}bbbEEw?"]s|bjZj kG׬]&KBV;׀Ç˃h vYbc׬Y/>޾>9d%_Ε^3\-;f^TX0>>I4i4Nvof( A_|Xx[nv8##ziH7 @T"Rc~7=s>>kxQQѹ$Ӱoy ^AbeR%mr"HlvOPU2fLbn@^,T[0GEؘԔĄvf P))bdeB[Z##5N\~=g}H$bXҲ-A~iH$Y#P8g(``F.nYhv:2/Ja1ѹQQ#ÿV{/7//#-.r57^q}EE9#/HD"jzJ$< M3B"##%/BE 9޲0V5&&:8$~ ֚ۮyvUZZ:88vKxOL h߄ L.-KS "P[X KLT3LLan!<`iq/y²b7kK r}4?1 E t $UBh֭[<_099CDF8hbб@ͅRD,NKMޙD >د|衐Z䓍MM%KD(1ٲ9h]?Ώ{0`TfCNAZtQ醓 2: 7aXaA7|gͪ*2))qIQoϣnn* #7n"Z[\JX,VuAL>)!܏@`C$P`,2A71gx".a<썃ogd-?;I>a'M p8UXXLVS' Q$IzvvF "[\^8WJ#bzX(J$Kp[0i;\BBCӌbr!bfdvizڷ\.v9nJy9NލB);P ~mag8eLœbN#dLo,jwD^iRվuh6/p nu8S)>2SSSwC`4N%$$,q](htul`,3SAe2iuuu0‚mA DBHßfQYYPԧ^Hv19Dj"ӛ B_oIY`u&9L-;N$#Rt ) `0:|j"Eo?zBUu8<̜fdhx0G:Ym6N#|= x"yS_ B&SnLeM:kgEKNAF/ldTktC8WI_!>)|XN;5>6k4;~J.ލs_@QQ'|R$]*‚VAn ֖tG| ]\j[`odƯ# ^ZrЭ˽{~;\qvū1JKI!#vJ%m ݻk6'5_ N@JXj) Fq,==rzGMQ<l8K-cPhimegVn/Bi0y7QO8MVZ2 IHDDNH᯿9ٙ7p54ARRqohh^ s8> \>eX|"G1եK$|br6Wݹz^R*1*d|,CNСC4Y1ANt A~gd&&_sն&%%f9z47|!IZZ%EEi3/ꞘɄxjjJcc#o<ÑT*8 74fef~; 9K0_={w+~ dڦa0}̉D" X~T&MKMmgdt甇%911/:KLtTbBA*;~NllSjժ윜+2{7*:bKFwW$ @tT$bQ%ٜ6Ͳ ח.3isuMYYRlxB E͙3+V\S uEYcŎ.muMݱ\$Zx i׍;66f`S^ZZ*H y nTiy~|.6bl9Uuڟ5GB|\Zu7hϾDQGi6XN?ܫiTSSGStKsw=ߵиX|rs\mvGScM#+cx]l F";w_ f_[[ǻܛ-Sq8[W]?@C~^ԁu0{5ollm108T}ljF!=;KdrRL&&䦛offr:rbBQ[{ n{ddtdd0XL#,yX9,B.Tfjf{l51eŞeBF(J`0<3sp =5BQt0xI!K^|_5W^dDoټ1~;~ I7m\_20yv zkvNNtT䶭N4mZƩqQ!*C.+NjPk"TQQXBn> Ga;zHaA^B|ygL@R, O7pO3BB^~~C};;:}@`bb|9zNa]-Nȡ'!*EP8T(@  a'y˖\PmeK"]CL&+,۶u3r/_YPRZ)IW_5''K`2?䤍f~G6nP3*()-$%&\}Lǐ$$L-l۶7|w>[QysT*Ս D\\lttT\\,r}>>80p2-ûrRSR""""ht:F}=?0أbc䔔DRT*^ ݅@,_~Y&BWDtp=V 0]RR&3o*bQm/[ZP( Bi|Qo)h4B!+*a$uAG +K ?ھSp<6"; "Aad%eNY%pl1)> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.green500.org) >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 46.0157 604.7086 70.0187 613.8661 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.green500.org/) >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 46.0157 441.1357 274.7957 453.3457 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.green500.org/lists/green201211) >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 2740 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 0.6 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 1.000 1.000 1.000 rg 46.016 46.016 519.969 699.969 re f 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 46.016 722.263 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall, the performance of machines in the Green500 List has increased at a higher rate )] TJ ET BT 46.016 707.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compared to power consumption. "That's why the machines' efficiencies are going up," says )] TJ ET BT 46.016 692.959 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Feng. "We are more performance for the same amount of power." For machines based on )] TJ ET BT 46.016 678.307 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commodity components--machines built with off-the-shelf components-- coprocessors and GPUs )] TJ ET BT 46.016 663.655 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are attributing a great deal to the efficiency gains. So much so that they are keeping pace and in )] TJ ET BT 46.016 649.003 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the latest list even outpacing purpose built systems like IBM's Blue Gene/Q. "Power consumption )] TJ ET BT 46.016 634.351 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is still going up," says Wu, and that is still a concern.)] TJ ET BT 46.016 607.699 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Green500 List has provided a ranking of the most energy-efficient supercomputers in the )] TJ ET BT 46.016 593.047 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world since November 2007. For decades, the notion of "performance" has been synonymous )] TJ ET BT 46.016 578.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with "speed" as measured in FLOPS. This particular focus has led to the emergence of )] TJ ET BT 46.016 563.743 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supercomputers that consume egregious amounts of electrical power and produce so much heat )] TJ ET BT 46.016 549.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that extravagant cooling facilities must be constructed to ensure proper operation. In addition, the )] TJ ET BT 46.016 534.439 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasis on speed as the ultimate metric has caused other metrics such as reliability, )] TJ ET BT 46.016 519.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(availability, and usability to be largely ignored. As a result, there has been an extraordinary )] TJ ET BT 46.016 505.135 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increase in the total cost of ownership \(TCO\) of a supercomputer.)] TJ ET BT 65.460 478.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007-2013 CompuGreen, LLC. Green500 and the Green500 logo are trademarks of )] TJ ET BT 202.632 463.831 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(CompuGreen, LLC. All rights reserved.)] TJ ET 0.620 0.620 0.620 rg 46.016 454.150 519.969 0.750 re f 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 46.016 437.730 Td /F3 10.7 Tf [(Source URL \(retrieved on )] TJ ET BT 177.616 437.730 Td /F4 10.7 Tf [(10/20/2014 - 18:47)] TJ ET BT 267.761 437.730 Td /F3 10.7 Tf [(\):)] TJ ET BT 277.831 437.730 Td /F1 10.7 Tf [(http://www.green500.org/lists/green201211)] TJ ET 0.5334 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 277.831 435.596 m 481.217 435.596 l S endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F4 /BaseFont /Helvetica-BoldOblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 277.8314 436.7430 481.2168 447.5976 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.green500.org/lists/green201211) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000350 00000 n 0000000387 00000 n 0000000544 00000 n 0000000640 00000 n 0000004992 00000 n 0000005099 00000 n 0000005214 00000 n 0000005327 00000 n 0000010978 00000 n 0000028472 00000 n 0000028600 00000 n 0000028675 00000 n 0000028801 00000 n 0000028877 00000 n 0000029004 00000 n 0000029097 00000 n 0000029181 00000 n 0000031974 00000 n 00