%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 25 0 R 33 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R /F4 35 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R /I2 12 0 R /I3 29 0 R /I4 32 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 612.000 792.000] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150919234355-04'00') /ModDate (D:20150919234355-04'00') /Title (About) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 13 0 R 15 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4209 >> stream 1.000 1.000 1.000 rg 46.016 46.016 519.969 699.969 re f q 152.250 0 0 105.000 46.016 640.984 cm /I2 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 46.016 629.263 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 118.724 629.263 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Green500)] TJ ET BT 196.100 629.263 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET BT 203.432 629.263 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.green500.org)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 0.6 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 203.432 626.863 m 334.160 626.863 l S BT 334.160 629.263 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET BT 46.016 605.541 Td /F1 9.0 Tf [(Home)] TJ ET 0.45 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 46.016 603.741 m 70.019 603.741 l S BT 70.019 605.541 Td /F1 9.0 Tf [( > Printer-friendly PDF)] TJ ET 0.620 0.620 0.620 rg 46.016 596.593 519.969 0.750 re f 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 46.016 557.070 Td /F3 24.0 Tf [(About)] TJ ET BT 46.016 502.607 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Energy is as Important as Performance)] TJ ET BT 46.016 471.550 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(About The Green500)] TJ ET BT 46.016 444.898 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The purpose of the Green500 is to provide a ranking of the most energy-efficient supercomputers )] TJ ET BT 46.016 430.246 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the world. For decades, the notion of "performance" has been synonymous with "speed" \(as )] TJ ET BT 46.016 415.594 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(measured in FLOPS, short for floating-point operations per second\). This particular focus has led )] TJ ET BT 46.016 400.942 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the emergence of supercomputers that consume egregious amounts of electrical power and )] TJ ET BT 46.016 386.290 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce so much heat that extravagant cooling facilities must be constructed to ensure proper )] TJ ET BT 46.016 371.638 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operation. In addition, the emphasis on speed as the ultimate metric has caused other metrics )] TJ ET BT 46.016 356.986 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as reliability, availability, and usability to be largely ignored. As a result, there has been an )] TJ ET BT 46.016 342.334 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extraordinary increase in the total cost of ownership \(TCO\) of a supercomputer.)] TJ ET BT 46.016 315.682 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In order to raise awareness to other performance metrics of interest \(e.g., performance per watt )] TJ ET BT 46.016 301.030 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and energy efficiency for improved reliability\), the Green500 offers lists to encourage )] TJ ET BT 46.016 286.378 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supercomputing stakeholders to ensure that supercomputers are only simulating climate change )] TJ ET BT 46.016 271.726 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and not creating climate change.)] TJ ET BT 46.016 245.074 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(History of The Green500)] TJ ET BT 46.016 218.422 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historically, the Green500 started back in April 2005 after a keynote talk by Dr. Wu-chun Feng )] TJ ET BT 46.016 203.770 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at the IEEE IPDPS Workshop on High-Performance, Power-Aware Computing. The notion was )] TJ ET BT 46.016 189.118 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then formally proposed a year later at the aforementioned workshop with a paper and associated )] TJ ET BT 46.016 174.466 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(talk entitled "Making a Case for a Green500 List," [ )] TJ ET BT 317.996 174.466 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paper )] TJ ET 0.6 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 317.996 172.066 m 352.016 172.066 l S BT 352.016 174.466 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ] [ )] TJ ET BT 368.696 174.466 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(talk)] TJ ET 0.6 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 368.696 172.066 m 387.368 172.066 l S BT 387.368 174.466 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ]. A subsequent presentation at )] TJ ET BT 46.016 159.814 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clusters and Computational Grids for Scientific Computing 2006, ")] TJ ET BT 397.076 159.814 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Global Climate Warming? Yes )] TJ ET 0.6 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 397.076 157.414 m 561.116 157.414 l S BT 46.016 145.162 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In The Machine Room)] TJ ET 0.6 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 46.016 142.762 m 179.396 142.762 l S BT 179.396 145.162 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(," led to more fervent interest, and ultimately, the announcement of the )] TJ ET BT 46.016 130.510 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Green500 at SC|06. One year later at SC|07, the inaugural list was released and a new era of )] TJ ET BT 46.016 115.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Green Supercomputing began.)] TJ ET BT 46.016 89.206 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Lead Investigators)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Helvetica /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Oblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 203 /Height 140 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 1 /Columns 203 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /ColorSpace /DeviceGray /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 5405>> stream x\]d%پJ)RJ)[)[ٶ-b-"""hѢEDhm-ZZk-FkE<18p]p\>\cy.w}Z_V}%?'{h7AZN;4cy)529Ƥ IVKIp\pRI24 PIT`6RT؇9-)V赨WݍϱUU4_tmTXb.E&AHZh", %ԢYt%?.M24DamEWY1ۛ_X̅hٝ^Ь3Y.,qK&\Pt)y$H1Ym,C^z^l\а:#಻`c}ma=sy>M^s3s.cfX }1AdMeK\<#/<[R]c{i,gۣ܎.z*dɜxWY1yಏXV|CdcP&A l0CIEWVGGC[̥aǣ=r/}3{jifpxxxt˖\6^tI.K3\ZDrX%\X8m>qr-ftɑDž5O`*rRIܢ%\޶Y沃b.>=9&ɗ.$}|^Sz'rj+6cH-I\VxBKxy.(A :!ZETbLuH%.k񼘋,[vu]ht-lwDTXotdK"mHLpΖn .>?ܻR&$mDBHź0|rf1,cF$sQsU4Ĉ/7znMD[It.T'm :)|'[B菫gqOc/TfnAa;2š6Qe+eN$q"xW9.:M,bwF$UvpA3 9* 4f9 UxzCEbe8˖>qa]Mp gDrBETZe~)YІU\ȺŘr8L"CN,2b\RE6)42֡B.x4 Y/#K'Bl5Hqj.kr1~߱M3ZpI1l?s1?\.?]^|𞧿q.9GVr1%6ؤi{b ۅRxTx\r˸z"3tnu\\ ʂ"|dؓ9g[h@)遞Z*Vri y^lIPH rihoJArkNEA .B|&˒n$?<2\[y.DMJL\\xlOKɰq+c@tVec&(1miGt#py!Qguv&Sb- 曉 E/HaAĚ%lkͰ:~ZV+꿼:@Jk|ŗǟ>^\^~D6UЧO9\`$ү>ѓ ^Ȕ*y+pu0r!cڎ7OOhWna~ 56}b6L!̣I]Lؤ;`wQ>J/i]b6<5mX0!yПKZJM-.JUɨ%njejP@A2u>UB+-I7WxKĴI-d4XVژ4zv4Eӧ6uCdRXH+ۭ$xDHEK G<+;Ujr`oU^\3]swзd/Q-؛Ak>vnn X\NO?{v+62@Ic!+LP^XwxUb.U%V:{.xXX+W?6٢K[%oI6,PRe3I u*KB!S%yS9ldcl5}9.8!ǖJ/>=QI *DpQ&(<䠑i NU4|`%ERmɔJ 4o'skd^nz֢<O'/1Y#}YX AJ>ʸ*BaWS%y0^Bz]{wX{mssS)%餻Bb>B\LNPWү;- G(peuAAI{-$mepE|"\VWVfZ[E%4 TjnbU9j\]ʠ%QyɑZ=z8<-Y?VŋԸݎn2br*3?LReu5L RS{X$F5D?r-)yH~,Uҭ=B =PEN1ܣBBBJU$%TMKhWr$,."&ee!<5ş5!sqK\ Ry\L:"VUL@]Z[ &"1,a.5|^yv.}E,|ko]m0/k1a9E͑&{ B] Fͳ .@W-0A-I,2dEί!(!nS4âg4VĒ1sUs u"yA\aecc%ݩ9dл WQ9J+mBDuWu71V!㪀hZD:B٬5_Q2:jݴae@nQ?>uwV);I¢#;TEF!$,1ojO (q^ iL!;$,K8T}t +vJrWe߂m&(G'e|n 0I?.+oP2إx LX !=4(\%:0AI*/ֹ*F ;zZUղ3~&@ aIі hx1-G|$O##גɒto)7?.(ɀO_yQ0ozc aHhѽlzg,8ɰ~ieh?[ΈK 3CZDB/P[^w2FVt7ٷC&,WFXE^Pg_$3h:&Gwƚ#g۲kDO ^tG.3wW&Sq~e-ohB6 ?. 2"/fU"n׬!)k1I-+Vn;ʳ%eR<&Fe%/]د3/8(c'oMh_15T5é5?7Vc{0Of6ɅS%Η4l'o⭚uP(d!3X˽<ĭVH&VA0a;`+ЪqVvjkKSs'O?mW,Hr_!j?!7G'&zsEBDqv{O>zKD+FvJoIZkbO^_֠)Y3ZhALHh\}R+E$$bC5̪M%R6 p:|T1u 샱Zƃ~L֑`na1FwH]bjKG_4S+Ix$/C+_Qy0˹ht ̰w/yQ6tu@K.zG RIPϐ5oL|7 np7?̤B endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 203 /Height 140 /SMask 11 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 203 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 17234>> stream x}w|յj{,Yro0%6!GI &䅖 š9B`dY-YzYj1z5;ڕVN޹s̙s=B.2 ?z9.Se,.._ii+\aS0MOOO5\ƿ"nx[ E% dlSd1z7cg QSI<?6_~6#qW[cj  CF|^Cvz*^-lݶg& H$hҥlI}}B%");3N9_5$?P1g=`ri=] .b,fA#1 mmv[ss35G@Crqz|#@eBT.42pE6HFFF{zNnOMK/=ҷo8$ɛo}GGXA5;m iR}S(cէO{_aMwMc"N8}L9oW/j。6' ?ѻ<Γ F㹆Ui>k#5-vHW[{gGg7I9M.? .WNW$jq~bb{ `q^|d݄aoewok9|qWzl]bP ¢S]$P_O$ EQZV!vYi|31V)j"UE`Őv^|vb~8-{!d A0iR Rs1^q=޻λP)G p\"phxd||"';K&.]Iz}4,z)w>JĊ eX J@vi=;^0ӈ'5FjF`%/{~3Л <@,AT$#T8gXaa0{='DҫZd-$ܿgϞ^xSXF((E]. fw}AAC|@愈Ɩӣ:@@ii~i:~{eQ6Nkit%}E2#(v3ij;6EO/wGE=] Ͽ;3gQ!>!!)@թ{wj0=S=o YHRcv 2 lV+a8 v'!Gm=F_kl}WVx駯* CK:gSzĆyşANfuk֬Zꫯ^t@r=]#""h4Y4A'&'o ABS8ASy|Ԓc~{ŦM .pwFX"1-. `0@(3 ÒnG萳wPe;;^<#չkU^jCjl*.}q: `/۴y@HMk3 J`xk_g# Hģ] o&رû|1$]/ C#=.@ a~9r/d잇R*rdWT׵x X7 w3 oh-qҳLId~gMOnzazۉ~5 pMQ/??_E$N8'ǰՆǏoظ1 QY ߼fӓ]bqVOv{;۱k_ʻ|6GC8l]e}eX "*Fh4JJRr\.J3O? /04Ll5u1کW#5gxsXoO h[-u^3QZ%e>쳅x`Y 7wuj@}yc D*bú۷-}{N<88*W2+;_"ðGu;.?2¡7bc 9 &%?`C<55A<B@QTfVwUJ%8&k{AѴ'0ؼsrsZmb٩0С<%}XE0 뮿G͗_;_J5dJg/-Yt1aW}㴑5 VZjd[&.^u6-OzHGB/P˕][___ZZ L۫~CiHVuuvflv;/X'/Ҙ~*&Ë \QV)0Xs.edfoh|{# WA0,N@1H1 ڜӓ"^m;}Tu{.]z+/ `d u@%9֑@-HUb3E$К/s87Hb߈IFu1~8eX6urb{7ٲmz2LR@ʗ%ˤ Ngl98_ kߚ/ {t' 6h5O@Y w Dk Nzm<:9*Y'Nujk96Ĭv}H!aǗ8wWUqd1|m 4x  vSLdboabc7oڰDFj^{y\ђ%Q2~TZ* |#)UDca 0빪ͫ׬A"[aBd{ٙ 0l %۔Ǯa>vyMW4}js^~>HE;}p@ȼN lGyGNWUv79&\mVj  N- Ox))[ܘ * F hh4b$^~3B>#fsUM&SPqmIC`cIF `"yL9,L(.C(݌`-,L->^TF4M3 !qV>骪(Eib.EQV{힚mm 0 M'20ugz򬭩h4ll !;Pttvz뭞Qaa! 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