Statistics Search

banner1
banner4
banner5
banner6
banner7
 
 

The Green500 List - November 2013

The November 2013 release of the Green500 list was announced today at the SC|13 conference in Denver, Colorado, USA. Continuing the trend from previous years, heterogeneous supercomputing systems totally dominates the top 10 spots of the Green500. A heterogeneous system uses computational building blocks that consist of two or more types of “computing brains.” These types of computing brains include traditional processors (CPUs), graphics processing units (GPUs), and co-processors. In this edition of the Green500, one system smashes through the 4-billion floating-point operation per second (gigaflops) per watt barrier.

TSUBAME-KFC, a heterogeneous supercomputing system developed at the Tokyo Institute of Technology (TITech) in Japan, tops the list with an efficiency of 4.5 gigaflops/watt. Each computational node within TSUBAME-KFC consists of two Intel Ivy Bridge processors and four NVIDIA Kepler GPUs. In fact, all systems in the top ten of the Green500 use a similar architecture, i.e., Intel CPUs combined with NVIDIA GPUs. Wilkes, a supercomputer housed at Cambridge University, takes the second spot. The third position is filled by the HA-PACS TCA system at the University of Tsukuba. Of particular note, this list also sees two petaflop systems, each capable of computing over one quadrillion operations per second, achieve an efficiency of over 3 gigaflops/watt, namely Piz Daint at Swiss National Supercomputing Center and TSUBAME 2.5 at Tokyo Institute of Technology. Thus, Piz Daint is the greenest petaflop supercomputer on the Green500. As a point of reference, Tianhe-2, the fastest supercomputer in the world according to the Top500 list, achieves an efficiency of 1.9 gigaflops/watt.

This list marks a number of “firsts” for the Green500. It is the first time that a supercomputer has broken through the 4 gigaflops/watt barrier. Second, it is first time that all of the top 10 systems on the Green500 are heterogeneous systems. Third, it is the first time that the average of the measured power consumed by the systems on the Green500 dropped with respect to the previous edition of the list. “A decrease in the average measured power coupled with an overall increase in performance is an encouraging step along the trail to exascale,” noted Wu Feng of the Green500. Fourth, assuming that TSUBAME-KFC’s energy efficiency can be maintained for an exaflop system, it is the first time that an extrapolation to an exaflop supercomputer has dropped below 300 megawatts (MW), specifically 222 MW. “This 222-MW power envelope is still a long way away from DARPA’s target of an exaflop system in the 20-MW power envelope,” says Feng.

Starting with this release, the Little Green500 list only includes machines with power values submitted directly to the Green500. In fact, there are more than 400 systems that have submitted directly to the Green500 over the past few years. As in previous years, the Little Green500 list has better overall efficiency than the Green500 list on average.

Earlier this year, the Green500 adopted new methodologies for measuring the power of supercomputing systems and providing a more accurate representation of the energy efficiency of large-scale systems. In June 2013, the Green500 formally adopted measurement rules (a.k.a. “Level 1” measurements), developed in cooperation with the Energy-Efficient High-Performance Computing Working Group (EE HPC WG). Moreover, power-measurement methodologies with higher precision and accuracy were developed as a part of this effort (a.k.a. “Level 2” and “Level 3” measurements). With growing support and interest in the energy efficiency of large-scale computing systems, the Green500 is welcoming two more submissions at Level 2 and Level 3 than in the previous edition of the Green500 list. Of particular note, Piz Daint, the greenest petaflop supercomputer in the world, submitted the highest-quality Level 3 measurement.

The Green500 List

Listed below are the November 2013 The Green500's energy-efficient supercomputers ranked from 101 to 200.

Green500 Rank MFLOPS/W Site* Computer* Total Power
(kW)
101 875.34 NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research) Yellowstone - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 1,436.72
102 875.33 Army Research Laboratory DoD Supercomputing Resource Center (ARL DSRC) Pershing - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 400.68
103 875.33 National Centers for Environment Prediction Gyre - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 203.52
104 875.33 National Centers for Environment Prediction Tide - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 203.52
105 875.33 Navy DSRC Kilrain - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 373.97
106 875.33 Navy DSRC Haise - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 373.97
107 875.32 Army Research Laboratory DoD Supercomputing Resource Center (ARL DSRC) Hercules - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 347.26
108 875.32 Electronics iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 148.19
109 874.02 Saudi Aramco Makman - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 505.50
110 869.83 Automotive IBM Flex System x240, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 181.31
111 869.83 Automotive IBM Flex System x240, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 181.31
112 869.83 Automotive IBM Flex System x240, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 181.31
113 869.81 Automotive IBM Flex System x240, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 148.60
114 869.81 Automotive IBM Flex System x240, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 148.60
115 869.81 Automotive IBM Flex System x240, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 148.60
116 865.89 Petroleum Company xSeries x3650 Cluster, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Infiniband, NVIDIA 2090 162.87
117 865.01 CSIR Centre for Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, Infiniband FDR 386.56
118 851.89 TOTAL Laure - SGI ICE X, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 319.00
119 848.69 Sandia National Laboratories Dark Bridge - Appro Xtreme-X Supercomputer, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 315.90
120 846.15 Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC) Riptide - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR
Level 3 measurement data available
251.20
121 837.69 Technische Universitaet Darmstadt iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 255.20
122 837.19 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Zin - Xtreme-X GreenBlade GB512X, Xeon E5 (Sandy Bridge - EP) 8C 2.60GHz, Infiniband QDR 924.16
123 830.18 RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS) K computer, SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Tofu interconnect 12,659.89
124 824.79 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Cab - Xtreme-X , Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 421.20
125 823.83 Financial Securities iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband 156.06
126 819.93 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP iDataPlex DX360M4, Intel Xeon E5-2680v2 10C 2.800GHz, Infiniband FDR 1,260.00
127 808.47 Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry/CRIEPI SGI ICE X, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 720.00
128 806.01 Electronics Company iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2690 8C 2.900GHz, Infiniband FDR 172.77
129 799.62 Sandia National Laboratories Pecos - Xtreme-X , Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 421.20
130 797.43 UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center Gordon - Xtreme-X GreenBlade GB512X, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 358.40
131 794.51 Amazon Web Services Amazon EC2 C3 Instance cluster - Amazon EC2 Cluster, Intel Xeon E5-2670v2 10C 2.500GHz, 10G Ethernet 609.41
132 791.72 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA) Tera-100 Hybrid - Bullx B505, Xeon E56xx (Westmere-EP) 2.40 GHz, Infiniband QDR 194.51
133 787.63 CNRS/IDRIS-GENCI Ada - xSeries x3750 Cluster, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband FDR 243.69
134 786.78 University of Oslo Abel - MEGWARE MiriQuid, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 227.00
135 784.66 National Supercomputer Centre (NSC) Triolith - Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2660 8C 2.200GHz, Infiniband FDR 519.00
136 775.45 Los Alamos National Laboratory Luna - Xtreme-X GreenBlade GB512X, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 448.00
137 764.86 NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS Pleiades - SGI ICE X, Intel Xeon E5-2670/E5-2680v2 2.6/2.8GHz, Infiniband FDR 2,015.14
138 764.22 Instituto Tecnológico y de Energías Renovables S.A. TEIDE-HPC - Fujitsu PRIMERGY CX250 S1, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 358.50
139 751.10 Atomic Weapons Establishment WillowA - Bullx B510, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 182.00
140 749.45 Atomic Weapons Establishment WillowB - Bullx B510, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 182.00
141 741.67 Purdue University Carter - Cluster Platform 3000 SL6500, Xeon E5 (Sandy Bridge - EP) 8C 2.60GHz, FDR Infiniband 252.00
142 741.06 National Supercomputing Center in Jinan Sunway Blue Light - Sunway BlueLight MPP, ShenWei processor SW1600 975.00 MHz, Infiniband QDR 1,074.00
143 738.73 Norwegian University of Science and Technology SGI ICE X, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 537.00
144 736.40 University of Nebraska Crane - Relion Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 165.40
145 732.53 National Super Computer Center in Guangzhou Tianhe-1A Guangzhou Solution - NUDT YH MPP, Xeon X56xx (Westmere-EP) 2.93 GHz, Proprietary 289.00
146 731.92 Sandia National Laboratories Chama - Xtreme-X GreenBlade GB512X, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 453.60
147 727.66 Electronics xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband 213.82
148 727.66 Electronics xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband 213.82
149 727.66 Electronics xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband 179.71
150 727.66 Electronics xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband 179.71
151 727.65 Petroleum Company xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband 191.36
152 727.63 Government xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband 170.98
153 727.63 Government xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband 170.98
154 726.77 PAWSEY CSIRO/iVEC RTC - Cray XC30, Intel Xeon E5-2692v2 10C 3.000GHz, Aries interconnect 264.32
155 718.12 Universitaet Frankfurt LOEWE-CSC - Supermicro Cluster, QC Opteron 2.1 GHz, ATI Radeon GPU, Infiniband 416.78
156 712.37 Atomic Weapons Establishment Blackthorn - Bullx B510, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 446.40
157 706.41 Aerospace Company xSeries x3650 Cluster, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband QDR 228.28
158 692.14 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)/CCRT airain - Bullx B510, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband QDR 500.00
159 689.56 Sandia National Laboratories Dark Sand - Appro Xtreme-X Supercomputer, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 388.80
160 688.10 Petróleo Brasileiro S.A Grifo04 - Itautec Cluster, Xeon X5670 6C 2.930GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2050 365.50
161 669.12 Petroleum Company x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 285.38
162 669.12 Electronics xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband 208.42
163 668.10 National Super Computer Center in Hunan Tianhe-1A Hunan Solution - NUDT YH MPP, Xeon X5670 6C 2.93 GHz, Proprietary, NVIDIA 2050 1,155.07
164 655.91 Deutscher Wetterdienst Cray XC30, Intel Xeon E5-2670v2 10C 2.500GHz, Aries interconnect 203.84
165 655.91 Deutscher Wetterdienst Cray XC30, Intel Xeon E5-2670v2 10C 2.500GHz, Aries interconnect 203.84
166 654.05 Amazon Web Services Amazon EC2 Cluster Compute Instances - Amazon EC2 Cluster, Xeon 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 367.08
167 645.83 Clemson University Palmetto2 - Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2665 8C 2.400GHz, Infiniband FDR, Nvidia K20m 614.25
168 643.69 Kyoto University Laurel - Xtreme-X , Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 210.35
169 641.03 EPSRC ARCHER - Cray XC30, Intel Xeon E5 v2 12C 2.700GHz, Aries interconnect 2,133.38
170 637.43 CEA/TGCC-GENCI Curie thin nodes - Bullx B510, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband QDR 2,132.00
171 635.15 National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin Tianhe-1A - NUDT YH MPP, Xeon X5670 6C 2.93 GHz, NVIDIA 2050 4,040.00
172 634.70 CSC (Center for Scientific Computing) Sisu - Cray XC30, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Aries interconnect 337.32
173 634.01 Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation SAGA - Z24XX/SL390s Cluster, Xeon E5530/E5645 6C 2.40GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2090/2070 297.63
174 627.84 Cray Inc. Crystal - Cray XC30, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Aries interconnect 234.66
175 609.67 National Computational Infrastructure, Australian National University Fujitsu PRIMERGY CX250 S1, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 1,605.12
176 606.66 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan Aterui - Cray XC30, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Aries interconnect 692.98
177 591.44 HLRN at Universitaet Hannover / RRZN Gottfried - Cray XC30, Intel Xeon E5-2695v2 12C 2.400GHz, Aries interconnect 499.97
178 591.44 HLRN at ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum fuer Informationstechnik Konrad - Cray XC30, Intel Xeon E5-2695v2 12C 2.400GHz, Aries interconnect 499.97
179 590.23 Research Institute for Information Technology, Kyushu University PRIMEHPC FX10, SPARC64 IXfx 16C 1.848GHz, Tofu interconnect 282.43
180 582.00 NOAA/Oak Ridge National Laboratory Gaea C2 - Cray XE6, Opteron 6276 16C 2.30GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 972.00
181 562.27 International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC), EU(F4E) - Japan Broader Approach collaboration Helios - Bullx B510, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband QDR 2,200.00
182 521.96 HPC2N - Umea University Abisko - Supermicro H8QG6, Opteron 6238 12C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 252.70
183 511.17 Institute for Molecular Science Fujitsu PRIMERGY CX250 & RX300, Xeon E5-2690 8C 2.900GHz, Infiniband FDR/QDR 465.40
184 492.64 National Supercomputing Centre in Shenzhen (NSCS) Nebulae - Dawning TC3600 Blade System, Xeon X5650 6C 2.66GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2050 2,580.00
185 483.12 Universitaet Mainz MOGON - Saxonid 6100, Opteron 6272 16C 2.100GHz, Infiniband QDR 467.00
186 467.72 University of Bergen Hexagon - Cray XE6m-200, Opteron 6276 16C 2.300GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 342.30
187 457.94 Environment Canada Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.84 GHz, Custom 462.30
188 457.94 Environment Canada Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.84 GHz, Custom 462.30
189 457.93 United Kingdom Meteorological Office Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom Interconnect 1,040.18
190 457.93 ECMWF Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom Interconnect 1,386.91
191 457.93 ECMWF Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom Interconnect 1,386.91
192 457.93 United Kingdom Meteorological Office Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom Interconnect 866.82
193 457.93 United Kingdom Meteorological Office Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom Interconnect 288.94
194 457.93 IBM Poughkeepsie Benchmarking Center Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom Interconnect 390.07
195 449.41 HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart HERMIT - Cray XE6, Opteron 6276 16C 2.30 GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 1,850.00
196 443.08 Calcul Canada/Calcul Québec/Université de Sherbrooke Rackable C2112-4G3 Cluster, Opteron 12 Core 2.10 GHz, Infiniband QDR 542.34
197 438.43 Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University (IMR) Hitachi SR16000 Model M1, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom 556.30
198 429.31 Government Sunway 4000H Cluster, Xeon X56xx (Westmere-EP) 2.93 GHz, Infiniband QDR 339.15
199 426.72 Los Alamos National Laboratory Mustang - Xtreme-X 1320H-LANL, Opteron 12 Core 2.30 GHz, Infiniband QDR 540.40
200 423.70 IBM Development Engineering Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom Interconnect 3,575.63

* Performance data obtained from publicly available sources including TOP500

 
cheap generic viagradui lawyer tennessee