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The Green500 List - November 2013

The November 2013 release of the Green500 list was announced today at the SC|13 conference in Denver, Colorado, USA. Continuing the trend from previous years, heterogeneous supercomputing systems totally dominates the top 10 spots of the Green500. A heterogeneous system uses computational building blocks that consist of two or more types of “computing brains.” These types of computing brains include traditional processors (CPUs), graphics processing units (GPUs), and co-processors. In this edition of the Green500, one system smashes through the 4-billion floating-point operation per second (gigaflops) per watt barrier.

TSUBAME-KFC, a heterogeneous supercomputing system developed at the Tokyo Institute of Technology (TITech) in Japan, tops the list with an efficiency of 4.5 gigaflops/watt. Each computational node within TSUBAME-KFC consists of two Intel Ivy Bridge processors and four NVIDIA Kepler GPUs. In fact, all systems in the top ten of the Green500 use a similar architecture, i.e., Intel CPUs combined with NVIDIA GPUs. Wilkes, a supercomputer housed at Cambridge University, takes the second spot. The third position is filled by the HA-PACS TCA system at the University of Tsukuba. Of particular note, this list also sees two petaflop systems, each capable of computing over one quadrillion operations per second, achieve an efficiency of over 3 gigaflops/watt, namely Piz Daint at Swiss National Supercomputing Center and TSUBAME 2.5 at Tokyo Institute of Technology. Thus, Piz Daint is the greenest petaflop supercomputer on the Green500. As a point of reference, Tianhe-2, the fastest supercomputer in the world according to the Top500 list, achieves an efficiency of 1.9 gigaflops/watt.

This list marks a number of “firsts” for the Green500. It is the first time that a supercomputer has broken through the 4 gigaflops/watt barrier. Second, it is first time that all of the top 10 systems on the Green500 are heterogeneous systems. Third, it is the first time that the average of the measured power consumed by the systems on the Green500 dropped with respect to the previous edition of the list. “A decrease in the average measured power coupled with an overall increase in performance is an encouraging step along the trail to exascale,” noted Wu Feng of the Green500. Fourth, assuming that TSUBAME-KFC’s energy efficiency can be maintained for an exaflop system, it is the first time that an extrapolation to an exaflop supercomputer has dropped below 300 megawatts (MW), specifically 222 MW. “This 222-MW power envelope is still a long way away from DARPA’s target of an exaflop system in the 20-MW power envelope,” says Feng.

Starting with this release, the Little Green500 list only includes machines with power values submitted directly to the Green500. In fact, there are more than 400 systems that have submitted directly to the Green500 over the past few years. As in previous years, the Little Green500 list has better overall efficiency than the Green500 list on average.

Earlier this year, the Green500 adopted new methodologies for measuring the power of supercomputing systems and providing a more accurate representation of the energy efficiency of large-scale systems. In June 2013, the Green500 formally adopted measurement rules (a.k.a. “Level 1” measurements), developed in cooperation with the Energy-Efficient High-Performance Computing Working Group (EE HPC WG). Moreover, power-measurement methodologies with higher precision and accuracy were developed as a part of this effort (a.k.a. “Level 2” and “Level 3” measurements). With growing support and interest in the energy efficiency of large-scale computing systems, the Green500 is welcoming two more submissions at Level 2 and Level 3 than in the previous edition of the Green500 list. Of particular note, Piz Daint, the greenest petaflop supercomputer in the world, submitted the highest-quality Level 3 measurement.

The Green500 List

Listed below are the November 2013 The Green500's energy-efficient supercomputers ranked from 201 to 300.

Green500 Rank MFLOPS/W Site* Computer* Total Power
(kW)
201 415.11 DOE/Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory Cray CS300-AC, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 445.20
202 415.11 Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory Cray CS300-AC, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 445.20
203 405.38 Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) Monte Rosa - Cray XE6, Opteron 6272 16C 2.10 GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 780.00
204 404.45 CLUMEQ - McGill University Guillimin - iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon 2.66, Infiniband 337.00
205 400.68 Taiwan National Center for High-performance Computing ALPS - Acer AR585 F1 Cluster, Opteron 12C 2.2GHz, QDR infiniband 442.00
206 381.39 UF Research Computing HiPerGator - Dell C6145 Cluster, Opteron 6378 16C 2.400GHz, Infiniband 312.80
207 378.77 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Shaheen - Blue Gene/P Solution 504.00
208 378.76 IDRIS Blue Gene/P Solution 315.00
209 366.58 DOE/NNSA/LLNL Dawn - Blue Gene/P Solution 1,134.00
210 363.98 DOE/SC/Argonne National Laboratory Intrepid - Blue Gene/P Solution 1,260.00
211 362.20 DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC Hopper - Cray XE6, Opteron 6172 12C 2.10GHz, Custom 2,910.00
212 361.79 University of Edinburgh HECToR - Cray XE6, Opteron 6276 16C 2.30 GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 1,824.93
213 359.65 Energy Company (A) HP ProLiant SL390s G7 Xeon 6C X5650, Infiniband 364.80
214 357.24 National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS) Plasma Simulator - Hitachi SR16000 Model M1, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom Interconnect 708.20
215 355.58 Vienna Scientific Cluster VSC-2 - Megware Saxonid 6100, Opteron 8C 2.2 GHz, Infiniband QDR 430.00
216 342.92 Information Initiative Center, Hokkaido University Hitachi SR16000 Model M1, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom 354.60
217 330.98 IBM Development Engineering iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon X5670 6C 2.93 GHz, Infiniband QDR 400.50
218 330.98 Vestas Wind Systems A/S iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon X5670 6C 2.93 GHz, Infiniband QDR 489.75
219 330.98 EDF R&D; Ivanhoe - iDataPlex, Xeon X56xx 6C 2.93 GHz, Infiniband 510.00
220 322.11 Moscow State University - Research Computing Center Lomonosov - T-Platforms T-Blade2/1.1, Xeon X5570/X5670/E5630 2.93/2.53 GHz, Nvidia 2070 GPU, PowerXCell 8i Infiniband QDR 2,800.00
221 314.31 Volvo Car Group Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c/SL250/ML350 Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 392.40
222 313.94 Manufacturing Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 475.20
223 313.94 Automative Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 864.00
224 309.05 SGI SGI ICE X, Intel Xeon E5-2690v2 10C 3.000GHz, Infiniband FDR 432.00
225 308.77 Communications BladeCenter HS23 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 414.35
226 297.44 National Institute for Computational Sciences/University of Tennessee Kraken XT5 - Cray XT5-HE Opteron Six Core 2.6 GHz 3,090.00
227 297.26 National Computational Infrastructure National Facility (NCI-NF) Vayu - Sun Blade x6048, Xeon X5570 2.93 Ghz, Infiniband QDR 425.22
228 278.89 DOE/NNSA/LANL/SNL Cielo - Cray XE6, Opteron 6136 8C 2.40GHz, Custom 3,980.00
229 275.25 Network Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, 10G Ethernet 468.00
230 274.97 Airline Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, 10G Ethernet 481.50
231 272.96 Financial Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, 10G Ethernet 578.70
232 271.28 Banking (M) xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 573.30
233 271.28 Financial Institution iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 512.48
234 268.79 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, 10G Ethernet 655.20
235 268.79 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, 10G Ethernet 655.20
236 268.79 Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, 10G Ethernet 780.30
237 268.22 Cray Inc. Hera - Cray XE6, Opteron 6272 16C 2.1/2.2/2.3 GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 467.90
238 265.87 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 533.70
239 265.30 IT Service Provider (D) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 949.05
240 264.19 Insurance Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 511.20
241 263.51 Logistic Services (E) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 534.60
242 263.51 IT Services Provider (B) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 528.30
243 263.19 Electrionic Industry Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 561.60
244 262.54 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 476.10
245 262.54 Semiconductor Company (F) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 492.30
246 262.54 Semiconductor Company (F) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 492.30
247 262.47 Manufacturing Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 597.60
248 262.47 Manufacturing Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 547.20
249 262.15 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 613.80
250 262.12 Universitaet Paderborn - PC2 OCuLUS (Owl CLUSter) - Clustervision CV-AIRE5, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 720.00
251 261.23 IT Service Provider (B) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 660.15
252 260.12 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 715.50
253 260.12 Electrionic Industry Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 646.20
254 260.07 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 718.20
255 259.62 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 740.70
256 259.60 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 741.60
257 259.17 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 763.20
258 259.17 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 552.60
259 254.01 SciNet/University of Toronto/Compute Canada GPC - xSeries iDataPlex, Xeon E5540 4C 2.53GHz, Infiniband 1,030.00
260 253.72 IT Service Provider (C) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,036.80
261 253.71 IT Service Provider (D) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,037.25
262 252.58 Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,094.40
263 252.58 Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 756.00
264 252.57 Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 516.60
265 252.57 Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 516.60
266 252.29 IT Service Provider (B) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,108.80
267 252.18 Georgia Institute of Technology Keeneland - Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA 2090 1,267.20
268 251.87 NOAA/Earth Science Research Laboratory/GSD Jet - Raytheon/Aspen Cluster, Xeon X5560/X5650 2.8/2.66 Ghz, QDR Infinband 502.25
269 251.58 IT Services Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, 10G Ethernet 639.23
270 251.58 IT Service Provider (D) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, 10G Ethernet 484.65
271 251.58 Financial Services (H) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, 10G Ethernet 494.78
272 251.58 Financial Services (H) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, 10G Ethernet 520.43
273 250.18 Electronics xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Infiniband 502.58
274 250.18 Electronics xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Infiniband 502.58
275 250.18 Electronics xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Infiniband 502.58
276 250.17 Microsoft Windows Azure Faenov - Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 604.80
277 245.59 Air Force Research Laboratory SGI ICE X, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 1,382.40
278 245.31 Indian Institute of Technology - Kanpur Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Intel Xeon E5-2670v2 10C 2.500GHz, Infiniband FDR 1,152.00
279 241.97 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Sierra - Dell Xanadu 3 Cluster, Xeon X5660 2.8 Ghz, QLogic InfiniBand QDR 688.94
280 240.45 VSC / Flemish Supercomputer Center Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, Infiniband FDR 633.60
281 237.86 Petróleo Brasileiro S.A Grifo06 - Itautec Cluster, Xeon E5-2643 4C 3.300GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA 2075 673.92
282 237.54 CSC (Center for Scientific Computing) Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 690.00
283 235.74 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 532.00
284 235.74 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 532.00
285 235.47 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 600.00
286 235.46 Manufacturing Company Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 994.80
287 235.46 IT Provider (P) Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 1,064.40
288 235.46 IT Provider (P) Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 1,064.40
289 235.41 Engineering Company xSeries x3550M3 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 627.35
290 235.41 Engineering Company xSeries x3550M3 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 627.35
291 235.41 Engineering Company xSeries x3550M3 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 627.35
292 235.41 Engineering Company xSeries x3550M3 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 627.35
293 235.41 Banking (M) xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 576.03
294 235.41 Electronics xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 617.01
295 235.41 Electronics xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 617.01
296 235.41 Electronics xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 617.01
297 235.41 Engineering Company xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 689.40
298 235.41 Engineering Company xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 649.57
299 235.41 Service Provider xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 645.74
300 235.40 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 583.31

* Performance data obtained from publicly available sources including TOP500

 
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