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The Green500 List - November 2013

The November 2013 release of the Green500 list was announced today at the SC|13 conference in Denver, Colorado, USA. Continuing the trend from previous years, heterogeneous supercomputing systems totally dominates the top 10 spots of the Green500. A heterogeneous system uses computational building blocks that consist of two or more types of “computing brains.” These types of computing brains include traditional processors (CPUs), graphics processing units (GPUs), and co-processors. In this edition of the Green500, one system smashes through the 4-billion floating-point operation per second (gigaflops) per watt barrier.

TSUBAME-KFC, a heterogeneous supercomputing system developed at the Tokyo Institute of Technology (TITech) in Japan, tops the list with an efficiency of 4.5 gigaflops/watt. Each computational node within TSUBAME-KFC consists of two Intel Ivy Bridge processors and four NVIDIA Kepler GPUs. In fact, all systems in the top ten of the Green500 use a similar architecture, i.e., Intel CPUs combined with NVIDIA GPUs. Wilkes, a supercomputer housed at Cambridge University, takes the second spot. The third position is filled by the HA-PACS TCA system at the University of Tsukuba. Of particular note, this list also sees two petaflop systems, each capable of computing over one quadrillion operations per second, achieve an efficiency of over 3 gigaflops/watt, namely Piz Daint at Swiss National Supercomputing Center and TSUBAME 2.5 at Tokyo Institute of Technology. Thus, Piz Daint is the greenest petaflop supercomputer on the Green500. As a point of reference, Tianhe-2, the fastest supercomputer in the world according to the Top500 list, achieves an efficiency of 1.9 gigaflops/watt.

This list marks a number of “firsts” for the Green500. It is the first time that a supercomputer has broken through the 4 gigaflops/watt barrier. Second, it is first time that all of the top 10 systems on the Green500 are heterogeneous systems. Third, it is the first time that the average of the measured power consumed by the systems on the Green500 dropped with respect to the previous edition of the list. “A decrease in the average measured power coupled with an overall increase in performance is an encouraging step along the trail to exascale,” noted Wu Feng of the Green500. Fourth, assuming that TSUBAME-KFC’s energy efficiency can be maintained for an exaflop system, it is the first time that an extrapolation to an exaflop supercomputer has dropped below 300 megawatts (MW), specifically 222 MW. “This 222-MW power envelope is still a long way away from DARPA’s target of an exaflop system in the 20-MW power envelope,” says Feng.

Starting with this release, the Little Green500 list only includes machines with power values submitted directly to the Green500. In fact, there are more than 400 systems that have submitted directly to the Green500 over the past few years. As in previous years, the Little Green500 list has better overall efficiency than the Green500 list on average.

Earlier this year, the Green500 adopted new methodologies for measuring the power of supercomputing systems and providing a more accurate representation of the energy efficiency of large-scale systems. In June 2013, the Green500 formally adopted measurement rules (a.k.a. “Level 1” measurements), developed in cooperation with the Energy-Efficient High-Performance Computing Working Group (EE HPC WG). Moreover, power-measurement methodologies with higher precision and accuracy were developed as a part of this effort (a.k.a. “Level 2” and “Level 3” measurements). With growing support and interest in the energy efficiency of large-scale computing systems, the Green500 is welcoming two more submissions at Level 2 and Level 3 than in the previous edition of the Green500 list. Of particular note, Piz Daint, the greenest petaflop supercomputer in the world, submitted the highest-quality Level 3 measurement.

The Green500 List

Listed below are the November 2013 The Green500's energy-efficient supercomputers ranked from 301 to 400.

Green500 Rank MFLOPS/W Site* Computer* Total Power
(kW)
301 235.40 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 583.31
302 235.40 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 583.31
303 235.40 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 608.59
304 235.40 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 608.59
305 235.40 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 608.59
306 235.40 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 608.59
307 235.40 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 608.59
308 235.40 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 608.59
309 235.40 Internet Service xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 608.59
310 235.40 Telecommunication Company xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 570.29
311 235.40 Communications BladeCenter HS23 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 530.84
312 234.90 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 614.40
313 233.55 Banking Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, 10G Ethernet 520.43
314 232.12 Information Technology Center, Nagoya University Fujitsu PRIMERGY CX400, Intel Xeon E5-2697v2 12C 2.700GHz, Infiniband FDR, Xeon Phi 3120p 1,369.55
315 230.94 Financial Services (H) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, 10G Ethernet 717.53
316 230.32 Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) BX900 Xeon X5570 2.93GHz , Infiniband QDR 831.00
317 228.76 Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA) Tera-100 - Bull bullx super-node S6010/S6030 4,590.00
318 226.33 Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 2,410.20
319 225.03 University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics SGI ICE 8400EX Xeon X5570 4-core 2.93 GHz, Infiniband 719.00
320 223.83 Research Center Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2660 8C 2.200GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA 2090 604.80
321 223.50 Grand Equipement National de Calcul Intensif - Centre Informatique National de l'Enseignement Suprieur (GENCI-CINES) Jade - SGI ICE 8200EX, Xeon E5450 4C 3.000GHz, Infiniband 1,064.00
322 222.61 Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2660 8C 2.200GHz, 10G Ethernet 567.00
323 221.95 Banking Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2660 8C 2.200GHz, 10G Ethernet 605.70
324 221.51 Automotive Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2660 8C 2.200GHz, 10G Ethernet 631.80
325 220.60 Kyoto University Camphor - Cray XE6, Opteron 16C 2.50GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 1,140.96
326 220.42 University of Southern California HPC - PowerEdge 1950/SunFire X2200/IBM dx340/dx360/HP SL160/DL165, Xeon/Opteron 2.3-2.67GHz, Myrinet 10G 680.06
327 219.71 Banking (M) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2660 8C 2.200GHz, 10G Ethernet 738.90
328 219.40 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, Infiniband QDR 578.70
329 217.54 Telecommunication Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2660 8C 2.200GHz, 10G Ethernet 867.60
330 217.46 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2660 8C 2.200GHz, 10G Ethernet 872.10
331 215.53 KISTI Supercomputing Center TachyonII - Sun Blade x6048, X6275, IB QDR M9 switch, Sun HPC stack Linux edition 1,275.00
332 211.59 IT Service Provider (B) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 565.20
333 210.77 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 1,104.00
334 210.77 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 1,104.00
335 209.55 ERDC DSRC Garnet - Cray XE6, Opteron 16C 2.500GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 5,569.00
336 206.98 ERDC DSRC Diamond - SGI ICE 8200 Enh. LX, Xeon X5560 2.8Ghz 774.00
337 206.72 Energy Company Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 1,401.60
338 206.72 Geoscience (P) Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 1,363.20
339 206.72 Geoscience (P) Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 1,344.00
340 200.99 IT Services Provider (D) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 657.00
341 200.34 Network Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 598.50
342 200.34 Network Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 598.50
343 197.82 Energy Company Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 710.40
344 196.85 Government Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, 10G Ethernet 927.00
345 196.00 Digital Media iDataPlex DX360M3, Xeon E5645 6C 2.400GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 652.74
346 193.86 Energy Company Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,917.60
347 191.89 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 676.80
348 191.89 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 676.80
349 191.89 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 676.80
350 191.89 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 676.80
351 189.14 Energy Company (D) Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 2,419.20
352 189.14 Energy Company Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,152.00
353 189.14 Energy Company Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 691.20
354 189.14 Energy Company (D) Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,070.40
355 188.91 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 903.60
356 188.91 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 903.60
357 188.91 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.60GHz, 10G Ethernet 855.00
358 188.91 Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 819.00
359 188.91 Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 819.00
360 188.91 Service Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 772.20
361 188.67 IT Services Provider (D) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 922.05
362 188.08 Cambridge University Darwin - Dell PowerEdge C6220, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband FDR 975.00
363 185.87 NOAA/Oak Ridge National Laboratory Gaea C1 - Cray XE6, Opteron 6276 16C 2.30GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 1,592.48
364 185.83 Electronics xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 782.00
365 185.83 Electronics xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 782.00
366 185.79 Service Provider xSeries x3550M3 Cluster, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 770.50
367 185.77 Internet Service xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 648.28
368 185.77 Telecommunication Company xSeries x3650 Cluster, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 647.19
369 185.77 Internet Service xSeries x3650 Cluster, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 707.25
370 185.77 E-Commerce xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 690.51
371 185.77 E-Commerce xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 690.51
372 185.71 University of Chicago Cray XE6 12-core 2.1 GHz 677.40
373 184.86 Korea Meteorological Administration Haedam - Cray XE6 12-core 2.1 GHz 1,711.60
374 184.86 Korea Meteorological Administration Haeon - Cray XE6 12-core 2.1 GHz 1,711.60
375 183.54 Cerner Corp. Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,454.40
376 181.82 Electrionic Industry Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Intel Xeon E5-2658v2 10C 2.400GHz, 10G Ethernet 786.00
377 181.78 Service Provider xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 660.67
378 181.78 Service Provider xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 660.67
379 181.78 Financial Institution xSeries x3650M3 Cluster, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 690.43
380 180.60 Shanghai Supercomputer Center Magic Cube - Dawning 5000A, QC Opteron 1.9 Ghz, Infiniband, Windows HPC 2008 1,000.00
381 178.23 Banking (M) BladeCenter HS22 Cluster (WM), Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 747.40
382 178.23 Network Company BladeCenter HS22 Cluster (WM), Xeon E5649 6C 2.53 GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 740.20
383 177.40 Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ) JUROPA - Sun Constellation, NovaScale R422-E2, Intel Xeon X5570, 2.93 GHz, Sun M9/Mellanox QDR Infiniband/Partec Parastation 1,549.00
384 176.35 IBM Development Engineering BladeCenter HS22 Cluster (WM), Xeon E5649 6C 2.530GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 956.07
385 175.78 System Integrator BladeCenter HS22 Cluster (WM), Xeon L5639 6C 2.130GHz, Infiniband 698.10
386 171.88 KTH - Royal Institute of Technology Lindgren - Cray XE6, Opteron 12 Core 2.10 GHz, Custom 1,380.07
387 171.17 Government Cray XE6 12-core 2.2 GHz 1,726.32
388 168.96 Computational Research Laboratories, TATA SONS EKA - Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c, Xeon X5365 4C 3.000GHz, Infiniband DDR 786.00
389 166.74 University of Colorado MRI - PowerEdge C6100 Cluster, Xeon X5660 2.8 Ghz, Infiniband 912.80
390 158.61 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8, Xeon E5-2660 8C 2.200GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,014.30
391 151.70 Universitaet Aachen/RWTH RWTH Compute Cluster (RCC) - Bullx B500 Cluster, Xeon X56xx 3.06Ghz, QDR Infiniband 1,449.12
392 150.71 Texas Advanced Computing Center/Univ. of Texas Lonestar 4 - Dell PowerEdge M610 Cluster, Xeon 5680 3.3Ghz, Infiniband QDR 1,670.78
393 148.48 INPE (National Institute for Space Research) Tup - Cray XE6, Opteron 6172 12C 2.10GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect 1,442.64
394 142.91 Retail Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,039.20
395 142.43 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,104.00
396 142.43 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,104.00
397 142.43 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 864.00
398 142.43 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 864.00
399 142.21 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,134.00
400 142.07 IT Provider (P) Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,152.00

* Performance data obtained from publicly available sources including TOP500

 
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