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The Green500 List - November 2013

The November 2013 release of the Green500 list was announced today at the SC|13 conference in Denver, Colorado, USA. Continuing the trend from previous years, heterogeneous supercomputing systems totally dominates the top 10 spots of the Green500. A heterogeneous system uses computational building blocks that consist of two or more types of “computing brains.” These types of computing brains include traditional processors (CPUs), graphics processing units (GPUs), and co-processors. In this edition of the Green500, one system smashes through the 4-billion floating-point operation per second (gigaflops) per watt barrier.

TSUBAME-KFC, a heterogeneous supercomputing system developed at the Tokyo Institute of Technology (TITech) in Japan, tops the list with an efficiency of 4.5 gigaflops/watt. Each computational node within TSUBAME-KFC consists of two Intel Ivy Bridge processors and four NVIDIA Kepler GPUs. In fact, all systems in the top ten of the Green500 use a similar architecture, i.e., Intel CPUs combined with NVIDIA GPUs. Wilkes, a supercomputer housed at Cambridge University, takes the second spot. The third position is filled by the HA-PACS TCA system at the University of Tsukuba. Of particular note, this list also sees two petaflop systems, each capable of computing over one quadrillion operations per second, achieve an efficiency of over 3 gigaflops/watt, namely Piz Daint at Swiss National Supercomputing Center and TSUBAME 2.5 at Tokyo Institute of Technology. Thus, Piz Daint is the greenest petaflop supercomputer on the Green500. As a point of reference, Tianhe-2, the fastest supercomputer in the world according to the Top500 list, achieves an efficiency of 1.9 gigaflops/watt.

This list marks a number of “firsts” for the Green500. It is the first time that a supercomputer has broken through the 4 gigaflops/watt barrier. Second, it is first time that all of the top 10 systems on the Green500 are heterogeneous systems. Third, it is the first time that the average of the measured power consumed by the systems on the Green500 dropped with respect to the previous edition of the list. “A decrease in the average measured power coupled with an overall increase in performance is an encouraging step along the trail to exascale,” noted Wu Feng of the Green500. Fourth, assuming that TSUBAME-KFC’s energy efficiency can be maintained for an exaflop system, it is the first time that an extrapolation to an exaflop supercomputer has dropped below 300 megawatts (MW), specifically 222 MW. “This 222-MW power envelope is still a long way away from DARPA’s target of an exaflop system in the 20-MW power envelope,” says Feng.

Starting with this release, the Little Green500 list only includes machines with power values submitted directly to the Green500. In fact, there are more than 400 systems that have submitted directly to the Green500 over the past few years. As in previous years, the Little Green500 list has better overall efficiency than the Green500 list on average.

Earlier this year, the Green500 adopted new methodologies for measuring the power of supercomputing systems and providing a more accurate representation of the energy efficiency of large-scale systems. In June 2013, the Green500 formally adopted measurement rules (a.k.a. “Level 1” measurements), developed in cooperation with the Energy-Efficient High-Performance Computing Working Group (EE HPC WG). Moreover, power-measurement methodologies with higher precision and accuracy were developed as a part of this effort (a.k.a. “Level 2” and “Level 3” measurements). With growing support and interest in the energy efficiency of large-scale computing systems, the Green500 is welcoming two more submissions at Level 2 and Level 3 than in the previous edition of the Green500 list. Of particular note, Piz Daint, the greenest petaflop supercomputer in the world, submitted the highest-quality Level 3 measurement.

The Green500 List

Listed below are the November 2013 The Green500's energy-efficient supercomputers ranked from 401 to 500.

Green500 Rank MFLOPS/W Site* Computer* Total Power
(kW)
401 141.36 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,248.00
402 141.36 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,248.00
403 141.01 Computacenter (UK) LTD Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,296.00
404 140.33 Web-Service Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,387.20
405 139.75 Cyfronet Zeus - Cluster Platform SL390/BL2x220, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2090 1,910.10
406 138.08 Telecommunication Company Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 945.00
407 138.03 Logistic Services (E) Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 952.20
408 136.80 Telecommunication Company Cluster Platform DL380e Gen8, Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,125.00
409 134.42 Airbus HP POD - Cluster Platform 3000 BL260c G6, X5675 3.06 GHz, Infiniband 1,814.40
410 134.12 Banking (M) Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,227.20
411 132.87 Telecommunication Company Cluster Platform DL388p, Xeon E5-2609 4C 2.400GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 888.60
412 132.87 Telecommunication Company Cluster Platform DL388p, Xeon E5-2609 4C 2.400GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 898.80
413 132.46 IT Services Provider (B) Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2609 4C 2.400GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 959.40
414 132.45 Logistic Services Cluster Platform DL388p, Xeon E5-2609 4C 2.400GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 960.00
415 132.07 Energy Company (D) Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Intel Xeon E5-2680v2 10C 2.800GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 3,780.00
416 131.86 IT Services Provider (B) Cluster Platform DL388p, Xeon E5-2609 4C 2.400GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,047.60
417 131.45 NOAA Environmental Security Computer Center Zeus - SGI ICE 8400EX, Xeon X5690 6C 3.470GHz, Infiniband QDR 2,456.40
418 129.25 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, 10G Ethernet, NVIDIA 2075 3,244.80
419 129.02 Logistic Services (E) Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,218.50
420 128.80 IT Service Provider (D) Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 926.10
421 128.80 IT Service Provider (D) Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,250.00
422 128.43 Telecommunication Company xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,141.45
423 128.43 Telecommunication Company xSeries x3650M4 Cluster, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,141.45
424 127.99 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,364.30
425 127.50 IT Service Provider (B) Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,432.70
426 127.41 Telecommunication Company Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,211.40
427 127.41 IT Service Provider (D) Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,445.30
428 127.02 Web Content Provider Cluster Platform DL160 Gen8 , Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 946.80
429 126.69 Telecommunication Company Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 998.10
430 125.24 Service Provider Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,219.50
431 124.19 Manufacturing Company Cluster Platform 3000 BL280c G6, Xeon X5675 6C 3.06GHz, Infiniband QDR 1,046.67
432 124.15 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,210.50
433 124.15 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 968.40
434 124.15 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,385.10
435 123.88 Service Provider Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2640 6C 2.500GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,942.10
436 122.67 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,611.90
437 122.11 Service Provider Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,697.40
438 120.92 Telecommunication Company Cluster Platform DL160 Gen8 , Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,879.20
439 120.50 Web-Service Provider Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,944.00
440 119.89 Logistic Services Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,036.70
441 118.96 IT Service Provider (B) Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,179.80
442 115.54 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Juno - Appro XtremeServer 1143H, Opteron QC 2.2Ghz, Infiniband 1,139.00
443 115.16 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2630 6C 2.300GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,759.40
444 114.53 Geoscience (P) Cluster Platform SL390s G7, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Gigabit Ethernet, NVIDIA 2090 4,032.00
445 113.95 DOE/National Energy Technology Laboratory HPCEE - SGI Rackable C2112-4RP3, Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.600GHz, Infiniband QDR 3,628.80
446 110.87 Web Content Provider Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450 8C 2.100GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,802.40
447 109.61 Computacenter (UK) LTD Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,094.40
448 109.36 Service Provider Cluster Platform DL380e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450 8C 2.100GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,054.40
449 108.23 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450 8C 2.100GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,117.20
450 108.23 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450 8C 2.100GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,383.60
451 108.23 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450 8C 2.100GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,417.20
452 108.23 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450 8C 2.100GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,597.20
453 108.23 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450 8C 2.100GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,726.80
454 108.23 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450 8C 2.100GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,244.00
455 106.97 Logistic Services Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2620 6C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,559.70
456 106.66 IT Service Provider Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2620 6C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,612.80
457 106.39 Service Provider Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2620 6C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,661.40
458 106.39 Service Provider Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2620 6C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,432.80
459 105.13 Telecommunication Company Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,246.80
460 105.13 Telecommunication Company Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,882.80
461 103.61 IT Services Provider (B) Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,150.40
462 103.61 IT Services Provider (B) Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,501.20
463 103.39 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL380e Gen8, Xeon E5-2430L 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,187.90
464 103.39 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL380e Gen8, Xeon E5-2430L 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,944.00
465 103.39 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL380e Gen8, Xeon E5-2430L 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,141.20
466 103.23 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL380e Gen8, Xeon E5-2430L 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,216.70
467 101.37 Web Content Provider Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,836.00
468 101.37 Web Content Provider Cluster Platform DL380p Gen8 , Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,544.00
469 99.80 Sandia National Laboratories / National Renewable Energy Laboratory Red Sky - Sun Blade x6275, Xeon X55xx 2.93 Ghz, Infiniband 4,343.73
470 99.09 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform DL360p Gen8, Xeon E5-2620 6C 2.000GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,944.80
471 98.03 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8, Xeon E5-2650 8C 2.000GHz, 10G Ethernet 1,216.80
472 92.76 IT Provider (P) Cluster Platform SL390s G7, Xeon X5650 6C 2.66GHz, Gigabit Ethernet, NVIDIA 2090 3,168.00
473 90.53 Joint Supercomputer Center MVS-100K - Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c/BL 2x220/SL390, Xeon E5450/5365/X5675 4C 3.000GHz, Infiniband DDR, NVIDIA 2090 1,324.80
474 82.42 Government Cluster Platform 4000 BL465c, Opteron 6134 8C 2.30GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,432.80
475 82.32 Government Cluster Platform 3000 BL2x220, L54xx 2.5 Ghz, Infiniband 2,182.18
476 75.20 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450L 8C 1.800GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 5,674.80
477 75.20 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450L 8C 1.800GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 4,713.60
478 75.20 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450L 8C 1.800GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 4,681.20
479 75.20 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450L 8C 1.800GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 4,323.60
480 75.20 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform DL360e Gen8, Xeon E5-2450L 8C 1.800GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,222.40
481 71.49 Service Provider Cluster Platform BL460c/280c G7, Xeon X5650 6C 2.66 GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,869.30
482 71.49 Banking (M) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c G7, Xeon X5650 6C 2.660GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,969.20
483 71.49 Logistic Services (E) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c G7, Xeon X5650 6C 2.66GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,878.30
484 71.49 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c G7, Xeon X5650 6C 2.66GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,800.00
485 71.49 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c G7, Xeon X5650 6C 2.66GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,800.00
486 70.73 Banking (M) Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c G7, Xeon X5650 6C 2.66GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,665.90
487 64.50 Web Company (C) Cluster Platform 4000 BL685c G7, Opteron 6234 12C 2.400GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 1,888.20
488 59.59 IT Service Provider (D) Cluster Platform 4000 BL465c G7, Opteron 6176 12C 2.30GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,146.50
489 59.13 Manufacturing Company Cluster Platform 4000 BL465c, Opteron 6174 12C 2.200GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,340.00
490 55.30 Electrionic Industry Cluster Platform 4000 BL685c, Opteron 6274 16C 2.200GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 2,688.00
491 54.95 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform SL335s Gen7, Opteron 4171 6C 2.100GHz, 10G Ethernet 2,899.00
492 54.95 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform SL335s Gen7, Opteron 4171 6C 2.100GHz, 10G Ethernet 2,331.60
493 54.95 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform SL335s Gen7, Opteron 4171 6C 2.100GHz, 10G Ethernet 2,880.00
494 54.95 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform SL335s Gen7, Opteron 4171 6C 2.100GHz, 10G Ethernet 2,322.00
495 54.95 Software Company (M) Cluster Platform SL335s Gen7, Opteron 4171 6C 2.100GHz, 10G Ethernet 2,160.00
496 51.00 Japan Agency for Marine -Earth Science and Technology Earth Simulator - SX-9/E/1280M160 2,400.00
497 48.38 Web Content Provider HP DL160 Cluster G6, Xeon E5645 6C 2.40GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 4,458.00
498 46.59 Research Institute for Information Technology, Kyushu University HA8000-tc HT210/PRIMERGY CX400 Cluster, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband FDR, NVIDIA K20/K20x, Xeon Phi 5110P 19,431.30
499 42.33 Financial Services Company (G) Cluster Platform SL165z G7, Opteron 6172 12C 2.100GHz, Gigabit Ethernet 3,340.80
500 34.41 Government Cray XT5 QC 2.4 GHz 4,812.42

* Performance data obtained from publicly available sources including TOP500

 
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